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What is the root of the great prolatariat cultural revolution? by Thomas G Guo

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发表于 1/28/2016 16:05:28 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 郭国汀 于 5/6/2016 17:46 编辑


THE GREAT CULTURAL REVOLUTION STUDYING

WHAT IS THE ROOT OF THE GREAT PROLATARIAT CULTURAL REVOLUTION?
by Thomas G Guo

Mao initiated and led cultural revolution, without discuss with any top leader, is he an original designer? teacher? philosophy? creator? reformer? revolutionary? destroyer? mad man? Mao said: a clean paper without burden, which can draw the newest and the best picture upon it". What is Mao?

Why cultural revolution? what is the cultural revolution? How and what is the result? What is the precondition to carry out the utopian delusion? Is it the communist movement logical result? why Chinese have to suffered under the Communist party's bloody state terrorism, violent, deceiving, fool people for more than 65 years? why Mao, the evil thug, political hooligan, heinous criminals, shameless tyrant despotic guy can ruled China for such a long time? why even today, the CCP can hold the state power without sign of finish?!What the nature of the great cultural revolution?

It is because most majority of Chinese are still do not know or believe or understand how evil criminal rogue regime it is! in another word, Chinese are still sleeping and do not want to wake up. Only the most majority of Chinese are really wake up, it is possible to end the evilest criminal rogue regime in the history of the world.

Mao is a shameless political hooligan and an evilest criminal who desire to revenge his political power's enemy Liu and his supporters, Mao played, used and intently ruin ten million Chinese young students future, career, even life, plus millions people's death and $ 50 billion direct economic loss in property, and brought country to the bankruptcy for his utopian mad fantasy. This is essence of the CR.

Mao's cultural revolution caused the greatest damage to Chinese cultures and her great traditional civilization in the history. One purpose of Mao is revenge Liu and those 7000 party's leaders who supported Liu and disagree with Mao's great leap forward policy. Cultural revolution is culture destroy, led by an evilest ignorant guy who never have true education, abused state power, through state terrorism, raped whole nation and its billion population forced the most majority into delusion out of mind mad. such a ridicule policy only possible fulfil in a slavery state, because after anti-rights campaign, all Chinese are smarter enough to keep silence, they thought they can protect themselves to avoid risks, but they could not. Tyrant control people's brain and mind, punish any independent thoughts, forbidden free discussion, debate, argue, communication, negotiation and compromise.

Mao is the greatest criminal in the history of the world who intently murder more than 40 million peasants during the great famine through starvation. He know everything detail facts of what had been happened in China through his advance spy system, but for maintain his extremely selfish interest to seize and maintain power, he careless even intently reject any rescues measures taken. as the directly results. about 45 million peasants’ souls ruined.

Mao looked down upon Kharlushev, who without experience of war, have not got high education, no philosophy. Mao win the greatest population for communist revolution, through his " political power come out of gun"! and Mao believe that he develops Marxism and proved correct that in poor peasants developing country, the proletariat can win the political power through violent force. Therefore, Mao want to challenge the leadership position with Kharlushev. In January 1960, while great famine occurred in China for years, Mao decide set up a foreign aid agency to propaganda of Mao's thought around the world, to sent large foreign aid!

Mao in fact lack culture, he in essence do not understand the spirits of culture or its true values. His idea of education revolution proved that he know almost nothing of education and culture. and this is why Mao caused the greatest disaster to culture. Mao used ignorant school young students to carry on his selfish purpose to kick out of Liu and his supporters, while Mao sure has another purpose to be the greatest Marxist and the great teacher of the world proletariat revolution. Mao simply use ignorant students to inspire their blind admire and crazy panic emotion, to fool them. he never considers what will cost nor even think what disaster will it bring to them.

Mao is good at play game to fool people, he always use A to bitten B then forced C defeat A, he is a cruel cold blood lust vermin in essence. Mao in fact in many area are extremely ignorant, without truly understand culture's spirits, but he looks himself as the god who can do anything according to his arbitrary will. the CCP regime under Mao have no law at all but all according to party's policy ruling the huge country, which is changeable and unpretellable. Mao not only disregard law, but destroy traditional culture, values, morality, religions, rape whole Chinese souls as well.

Mao and the CCP do not know law nor understand the rule of law at all, as Mao proudly announced that " I am a monk with an umbrella, I neither have hairs, nor sky on my head" which means no law under Mao's ruling but Mao's words and party's policy and red head documents. Dictatorship of proletariat in name, party dictatorship in fact, eventually and inevitably become Mao's personal dictatorship. Mao's most closed and trusted group are the center cultural revolutionary group ( Jiangqing, Zhang Chunqiao, Wang Hongwen, Yiao Wenyan, Chen boda, Kang sheng); next is Zhou Enlai and Lin Biao. the center political figure Tao Zhu, Liu, Deng, Chen Yun, were deprived information of Mao and center group, So Zhou and Lin are only cooperate of Mao, but the most trusted Mao rely on for the CR is CR group to do his dirty job.

Mao easily kick out both government and party to seize all powers to his own hand trough a small group while cooperate with Zhou and Lin, clearly proved that the political system set up by the CCP has serious faults and weak which can not prevent evil one to seize its power at all. the CCP lack capacity to run a country, party-state means party has final say, then the boss of the party become the top one, who can according to his arbitrary will to do anything he want.

Mao plots to destroy Liu's power base and social base, through seize power by rebelling, which trigger all country fall into civil war, faction fighting and between rival reel groups, both backed by army, finally all power seized by army in this way, all powers transfer from Liu to Mao. Zhou help Mao to realize this plots with the support from Lin, the army seize power made Lin become the most powerful figure, and envy even by Zhou.

Mao and the CCP are worst, evilest, greatest criminal group, in essence they are thugs, hooligans, rogues, bandits, ignorant either spirits of culture values, moral and ethnic or principles. they are the most stupid fool of all in the history of both China and the world. all are rooted in communist party ideology of destroy four olds: culture, custom, religion, habits, tradition, which origin in Karl Marx and Engels on Communist manifesto in 1848. Because communist in essence are those left intellectuals with shallow brain, spurious knowledge, stupid fool in many field, who come from low society, deny divined spirits, have nothing faith, armed with atheist ideology.

Mao did not make it stratage a detailed plan how to seize power and what will do those chaos if fight of army happened. He simply disturbs and ignited fire then looked at destroy citizens life, corrupt economy, lost property. everyone love power, for power means interest and biggest resource, none are willing to give up his power, the result is arm fighting with a bloody fire last for month and years, how many casualties no body know, exactly for the CCP never pay respect to human life. Shanghai seized power was directed by Beijing CCRG, Zhang Chunqiao, Yiao and Wang, Mao already backed Zhang, Wang, Yiao weeks ago. Mao support Shanghai way for seizing power and order all over country should learn from it. which ignite wide fire of civil war for power seizer, bloody fighting in China almost all province, district, county. provincial leaders committed suicide during the CR show that the CCP institute simply do not know what shall they do to face CR, some of them could not able to bear the humiliate, and physical abuse, insult, they choose took of their own life.  In Qinghai daily incidents the army open fire to kill 169, and wound 178, against alleged 4 death and 76 wounds soldiers, such seizing power happened in China everywhere and fighting also occurred in any place there are seize power. the CCP forced wound girls to tell liar, if the girl tell the truth, she will denied treatment, and sent to prison instead of hospital, Chinese not only lost their rights of expressing but also rights of keep silence. In fact, during seizing power, the anti-PLA riots broke out everywhere in China, but Chinese almost know nothing, for no free media exist, neither any news possible revealed the true information.


Mao is a changeable mind means man who always does not keep his words, all depend on his mood which is arbitrary, defeat Liu, Deng, Tao the main purpose is revenge Great Leap Forward disasters humiliation and lost face and power, to seize power for extremely selfish end, to maintain his own interests. The CR is another power struggle within party but Mao used ignorant mass to reach his own goal, for that time his supporter within party is weak. there is no such thing as democracy at all, all are totally control by Mao's section of the party.  During the CR, Mao, Zhou, and Lin never stop say so call party's leadership nor the dictatorship of proletariat, thus party itself is the rooted of all evil dirty game play in China.


Mao ordered all ambassadors back China to participate the cultural revolution. Mao did think he is the great teacher of the people of developing country, to challenge Kharlushev status as the international proletariat revolutionary movement, Mao generously but stupidly offer huge money donation to help whoever claimed they admire and love Mao.

Mao is a sly wise person who are good at plots, secret fighting for power, however, 90% his talents he use on power struggle for power. almost all key actions and murder are controlled by the CCP and Mao. Mao must rely on PLA to secure his battle against Liu's party, while used red guards as a tools.


The worst of communist regime is that people lost their fundamental freedom, not only political freedom, but also life-style , economic, culture, religion, even love and sex life, marriage, born kids freedom. all people under state terrorism, lost their initiate create independent thoughts, became either machine or slavery.

The cultural revolution is start by Mao, in name of the central party, the first target is Liu and those disagree with his great leap forward policy, eventually it turn into eliminate all barrier to transfer the power to his wife and relative. The CCP has been committing huge number of heinous crimes. One of the greatest crimes is violent rape billions Chinese soul for sixty five years, through forced brain washing, incite class hate among Chinese, ruin traditional values and culture utterly. After June 18, 1966, physical abuse incident, work term tried to control its violence oritetion, but Tao Zhu who on 1 July said that publicly that physical incident is a terrific thing, he must got the wind from Mao, otherwise he dare not publicly said so.

The free countries and communist regime distinguish in rights of individuals and the power of governments: in free countries any citizens can do whatever they like within the law, moral and ethnic, they can decide and choose by themselves, while in communist regimes, everyone lost their own rights and freedom of choose and decision to do anything but have to obey the order of the government.  

Zhou Enlai is a smart pragamatic guy who know how to maintain his own interest and power, always treat principle as excuse only, but he is a good actor pretend as if justice and fairness, gentle, and intelligent, win admires and adoration of many ignorant even some well know people; however, when the dust of history wipe out, the fact and truth revealed all his good reputation destroy and his ugly soul exposed.

Lin Biao described Mao as " genius, wisdom, and intelligence" although content flatter element, show that Mao might have some merits and smart enough. the issue is that one no matter how talent he is, once must be in some area is ignorance, when one has a faith that he knows everything and self-praise too much, he always fall into either mad or stupid fool. Mao did not have good education, but well know social life, he is a person without principle, favor hooliganism, cold bloody, cruel while lust for sex, evil mind without sense of morality.

Zhou Enlai in essence controlled the enter cultural revolution group, who help Mao to implement all his evil intrigue and deception, while hypocritically earn good name. he is a man extremely capable to handle human relationship, administrative affairs, trivial matters, because his articular mind.

Zhou is not a born thug or hooligan, he might be a good man in his nature, however, under Mao's CCP hooligan ruling, he always give up principles, surrender to Mao and Mao's supporters, with the purpose protect his position and interest first as the result, destroy many national treasures.

Zhou Enlai is a malice man who pretend a kind talant able man, he successfully fool both domestic and international, only after his death, the true facts revealed step by step that he is not a good guy but a cruel slave who is hyposetic insincere one(275). 周恩来在中共九大会议上指责聂荣臻应对赵尔录之死负责,抱怨徐向前之女非常反动,责怪叶剑英对自文革以来许多事件,说叶对毛缺乏阶级感情,认为叶是个投机分子,阴谋篡党夺权,说陈义一贯反毛,朱德实质上根本不懂打战,攻击三位副总理:李富春对毛不忠,李先念早在30年代站在张国涛一边,陈云的经济理念全部是保护特权阶级的,邓子恢右倾到处放毒(275)。林彪形容刘少奇为五毒俱全的内奸大杂种,其罪恶滔天铁证如山。周恩来评刘少奇:此人该杀(277)。Zhou Enlai, a well-pretend  hypothatic fake man who in fact committed great deal henerous crimes in his ciminal life, has been praised by million Chinese as a kind good premier, earn a good reputation oversea, simply thanks to the totalitian dictatorship regime which forbidden any free news(421).

The hooliganism of the CCP through forbidden free media, killed true information, to cover people's ear and eye, in order to fool people, in this way, even the foolish illiterate can become a leader, under the CCP, benefits only party in power, but sacrifice all nation's future and destroy current generations hopes.

In April 1960, at the zenith great famine, Mao and the CCP argued with Soviet Kharlushev, denounced them as revisionary infuriated Kharlushev so much he order withdraw 1700 experts in China in July 1960. Again, During 1963 and 1964, Mao instructed Deng Xiaoping to organize Nine comment Soviet revisionary, which totally broken the relationship between two largest Brother party and socialist country for decades.

Because Kharlushev create his ideological innovation: attack Stalin's cult of personality, revised Leninist doctrine, the war between communist and imperialism is not fatedly inevitable; peaceful, rather revolutionary, transitions to socialism to enable communists to power, all against what Mao's believe. and Mao believe he, rather Kharlushev, will be the qualify leader of the International communist movement and this is why  Mao initiated cultural revolution. Although he justify his delusion by Marx idea on the communist manifesto. It also explains why Mao openly declared that even if half of population of the world eliminate by nuclear war is deserve for all the world will become communism. at the same time Mao claim it is now the East wind to overpass the Western wind. My argument is that it is extremely ignorant plus crazy mad mind caused Mao to initiate the cultural revolution, the purpose is to establish his greatest Marxist and the greatest teacher of the world proletariat revolution.

There are at least two roots of the cultural revolution: one is Karl Marx and F Engels: communist Manifesto, the other is the Atheist ideas. In a another word, the cultural revolution is not the created by Mao, but by Marx and Engels, Mao is only implement the idea in to practice. The Atheism build Mao as a god without divined religion which made Mao became a fake god who has the limitless power to do anything as his delusion can imagine. In essence the cultural revolution in China is the logical result of Marxism base upon Mao's extremely ignorant and crazy mad mind. Because Mao believe he is the greatest modern Marxist and the greatest teacher of oppressed people's proletariat revolution of the world. He want to over pass Marx and proved that he is the Boss of the international proletariat revolution, and this is the genuine roots of the great proletariat cultural revolution.

as to the precondition must be the totalitarian dictatorship political system which forbidden any dissident or different ideas opinions, openly criticize, debate, discuss, negotiation and compromise. When the CCP seize the power, it immediately killed million GMT government officers, military, and landlords, then seize the property of production of capitalists, and landlords land; following take back peasants land through forced collective commune, eliminate non-party educations by anti-rights movement, destroy dissidents voice through counter-righteous of Peng Dehuai in 1959, 10 million party member and local cadres were eliminated. Great leap forward led greatest famine during 1958 to 1962. soon after recovered the disaster of the Great famine, Mao claim "never forget class struggle".  restore the collective commune system and forced socialism educational movement in countryside which turn into four clean campaign Communist want to eliminate all old traditional religions and morality. They want to create a brand new society and new mankind. thus the old ideology all must be eliminated. a Russian revolutionary even openly declare all those over 25 years old Russian should be killed for all of them were corrupted and rotten by the old society. In Red Gaomian Bolbute, order clean empty the capital city which have more than one million citizens within one weeks and eliminate money, educated people, trust only kid soldiers. destroy class once for all. When Mao met with Bolbute, he praises him did great job, for eliminate class! In fact, Bolbute believes himself is a great genie and even do not respect Mao at all, he killed one leader who is pro-China simply because he admires Mao and Bolbute said, how dare he said that Mao is great teacher!

cultural revolution eliminate four olds: Old thoughts, old religions, old customs, old ideas. which clearly come from Marx and Engels in 1848 in their communist manifesto. Prevent China turn into a revisionary country to restore capitalist and the main target are capitalist roader in powers, is not the roots of cultural revolution but one result and excuse as revenge Liu and Deng to correct the big errors of the great leap forward.

cultural revolution supposed that it want to eliminate old ideas, old cultures, old customs, old religions and morality, which is Marx idea about communism. Marx declared that Communist want to eliminate freedom and justice. If barely struggle for power, sound not elegant and Mao has lost lots support within party and government, thus he used ignorant mass, whose loyalty as the result of years cult of personality brainwashing: stupid foolish billion Chinese.

The CCP always have its power struggles, which usually through bloody cruelty way, many loser committed suicide, under heavy pressure and despair proved that such a party is only a slavery without any guarantee  rights, for at any time anyone might fall from the top to the hell without hope.

during CR suicide become common practice among all class why? life is the top values of human being. but under the CCP's bloody ruling, human life become nothing but soulless animal that always face humiliating, demeaning, when a person feel lift is hopeless or meaningless, he will fall into deep despair, eventually suicide become the only choose.

violence struggle during the cultural revolution is encouraged by Mao directly: "the more ferocious, the better, do not you think? the more people you kill, the more revolutionary you are" Mao told his inner trusties. He justifies the rights of rebellion. Mao do not scruple on human life, he wants to create great disorder, in order to catch the chance to reshape his new power.

one of the great problem of the CCP, is its nature of hooliganism, that disrespect any law, principles, reason, and justice. all rely on violence and terror as well as deceit. when nowhere can argue or discuss or debate, the only way is violent and bloody struggle.
the first red guard origin from middle school in Beijing, for young students are naive after years brain washing, have no reason or intelligence to make sound judgement, they come from high rank party, military, family, they can see secret information.

On August 22, on Tiananmen square Mao change Song Binbin's name as be martial, Lin Biao calls students destroy the four olds, ignite the fire of destroy, which led the greatest disaster to Chinese culture.communist leaders are easily turn into mental disease and become self praise too much, they want to become the greatest Marxist in their time. so they desire to be favor and the best way is through do something overpass Marx, provided such a leader did not have real wisdom and knowledge, but extremely self praise to the God status, such disaster could not avoid. Mao,Bolbute, etc. All are same in nature.

the cultural revolution is not Mao's only solo crimes, but whole party. for after seventeen years totalitarian dictatorship bloody terror ruling, forced brain washing, fool people propaganda, all Chinese whether intelligent or students, or Mass, are becoming very stupid, while extremely crazy. they lack common sense, source of life, knowledge of everything, but full of wrong ideas, poisoned ideology, they thought they are liberated and living in a happiness while western people living under deep water and on fire. they believe they are the most advanced in all Mao is the hooligan thug, despite he is smart and intelligent, but under its foolish policy, step by step he also become a stupid fool, eventually he believe that he must be the greatest Marxist in our time, the greatest revolutionary teacher of the world, and he want to show and proved it. It is the CCP backed up all evil acts not red guards, they are used by the party to do all dirty works. all party leaders have to endorsed the policy of the party, cut off all personal feeling t parents, if they are landlords!

red guards torture and killing are encouraged by center party and Mao. Police protect of student who back up by party authority, in August 13, police forward the massage that police will not stop students actions. red guards first appear in Beijing, the first beating, first looting, first public humiliating, the first torture, the first death all happened in Beijing proved that it is Mao and the party allow and encourage red guard to do such criminal crime. Party encourage students to torture beat, and kill class enemy through fool education of class hatred for years. red guard’s crimes in essence the CCP's crimes. Many young girls under the CCP ruling turn into horrible killers they are stupid fools, who lost their own thinking ability, do whatever the Mao and the CCP encourage them to do. Mao contact red guards directly all their action are well known by Mao through his secret system control agency. It is Mao back up them which initiated by high level party and army's cadres children, they are the tools of power struggle for both site.

under Mao's tyrant despotic system, both Liu and Deng have to repeatedly recognized that they made mistakes, committed error, because they have no choose, the CCP made every members has no rights to self-defense or hire lawyer at all. Deng is very sly canny guy who is practicum too, he ready surrender any faith principles to maintain strength for future fighting, while pretend as a victim such a person good at play mind game, use secret plots, against his enemy.

openly criticize any state leaders is the rights of westerner under constitution, while in China anyone dare speak out his or her true thought about leaders is extremely danger lost their freedom, suffer great deal in either spirits or financial area. some even lost their life.

Communist party of China in essence is a criminal group, it rely on violence, terrorism, deceit and cheat, fooled Chinese and rape their souls and spirits for more than 65 years, with a purpose to seize state power solely, and maintain the power for its selfish interest only. China's biggest problems is that a group of ignorant stupid fool political hooligan, military bandit, criminals seize the power through violent are led China into Hell.

In China, government and party invasion of individual life, work, study, even marriage and sex life in detail, leave no space for privacy, all are under the CCP total control. following students, the workers in Shanghai participate the CR, in January storm seize the power in Shanghai, Wang Hongwen as its leader, then extend to village the peasants all join CR, all country started fall into chaos and all become mad in nature.

to defeat Liu is not a easy job, as the state chairman, Liu build up his patrons long time and set up a huge base among official kingdom, he manage to develop his own support base both within party and government, a large number of local party leaders and cadre are belong Liu’s base, during the CR, more than 2.3 million cadre were investigate and persecuted by Mao through red guards and mass organization. it is initiated by Nankai university students to investigate Liu Shaoqi history problem, but it is highly likely Mao used them as his fist of iron to destroy Liu. the CCP as a state terrorist group has been committing huge number heinous crimes, all of them are top secrets covered by the dust of history.

in spirits and soul, most majority Chinese has been raped by the CCP for more than 65 years, many still enjoy such violent raping without even know, still more become cowards selfish being who lost their souls.Deng on cat is only a vividly describe of reality, but whether it fit any situation is another question. political system, economic institution legal system is not cat, not matter what ideology, which can protect people's freedom, social justice and judicial justice, and the rule of law, make people happier is good.
in essence, Mao is an evil mind, malice spirits, stupid fool in many area, while with a canny and iron will of extremely self-center and selfish thug, without human normal feeling empathy or emotion, cold bloody hooligan, criminal, who intently at least caused 80 million Chinese died either killed or starvation, suicide, torture to death. Liu is not a thug as Mao, who still have mercy and empathy feeling and kindness heart, despite as a Communist party top leader, he committed many crimes too, Liu is a left naive intellectuals revolutionary, whose intelligence used to wrong place, and waste his wisdom, receive the most miserable punishment that his is not deserved.

red terror in China during the CR Beijing Daxin Massacre is clearly party's class hatred propaganda cursed demean landlord, rich peasants antirevolutionary, and bad elements, led stupid foolish peasants easily to hate. Michael did not mention Bian Zhongyun, the first teacher was murdered by red guard, neither he describes the massacre of Daoxian, Shaoyang, or Guangxi and other place horrible violent killing. violence, torture, killing, murder, hatred, class hatred, hatred struggle party-culture, Mao's personal intrigue plots, and party’s evil goals, student's ignorant stupid fool, peasants brain washing and dumbs, police and party intently let it happen all put together swarm so many killing during the cultural revolution almost in all China.

black five categories: landlord, rich peasant, reactionary, hooligan, rightist, against red five elements: worker, poor and lower middle peasants, soldiers, revolutionary cadre, martyr's relatives. it is the products of class struggle ideology of the party.
Mao launched the great cultural revolution, order encourage destroy all old fours, in fact, they are invaluable national treasure, all are concurring by main leaders and party themselves, they are not red guards, but party's order and back up. In Feb 1984, I conclude that both Marx and Mao must be poor in logics thinking, for their thesis or themes always anti-logics rules. everyone against something, share other, concur rest, agree with another, all depend on circumstance, situation and conditions. "all, every" thinking method are typical anti-logics thinking.

I was 8 years old when CR exploit, I did not understand why such chaos everywhere, school stop teaching, library closed, books stolen and burned, every family burn their own books, only remain is Mao's gather works. everyone do anything must be mention that under Mao's thought instruction to achieve something etc., Mao's words is law, one sentence equal ten thousand Lin said, everyday before have dinner lunch or breakfast, have to recite Mao's quotation, dance loyalty dance, sing Mao's quotation song, is it a mad kingdom?

the purpose of the CR at least has two, one is Mao's personal revenge for wipe out Liu, who want to re-seize power, the other is communist party ideology to destroy all traditional ideas, values, religions, morality and create a new communist society and human being. it can only grow up in the soil where are rich stupid foolish people, where in China after 17 years forced brain washing spirits raping produce huge number of such stupid fools. Most majority Chinese become no brain, extremely ignorant, not independent thoughts, no critical, no analytic nor logical thinking and easily fooled by authority. The CR's horrible result are utterly destroy Chinese traditional culture, morality, faith, values, life style. Ruin 16 million young students bright future, career and in essence their life. Destroy numberless invaluable national cultural treasures.  Caused huge economic loss. Led 20 million people died for nothing. Turn Chinese civilization into cruel animal survive...

how many people died in faction fighting for seize power during CR might never clear, it is safe to say at least million even ten million become Mao's intrigue victim. Ye Jianying recognize after the CR in a party conference, there are 20 million people last their life during ten year CR, I believe his statement is believable for Ye is one of the top Army officers who never lost trust by Mao and Ye is a army general rather than a canny politician, still have soft of honesty characters when he speak he is not like Deng or Hu Yiaobang.

Li Jie, a skillful popular writer who can write readable essays, always tried to fool ignorant Chinese, recently he published an essays about CCP and the CR, asserted that Mao against all CCP and the CCP do not equal dictatorship!  In fact, Mao never really get rid of the CCP during the CR, he only used parts of Party against part of other, through Lin Biao used military, through Xie Fuzhi, used police force, through Kang Sheng used security force to control power, and used ignorant mass to seize power form the hand of Liu's section of party. so Li Jie's argument is misleading readers and nonsense.

the political institutions set up by the communist party in the world all become utterly dictatorship the reason is that it rooted its anti-law and counter the rule of law, contract spirits, and the fair play. killed all dissidents, silence all dissident voice, not true but liar deceit, cheating existence. Integrity persons in the CCP are so weak that they are easily defeated by the evil and sly canny Mao and his followers, Mao is evil hooligan who without any principles or morality, but a dirty dog with mad brain fantasy delusion.
red guard are high level cadres sons and daughters from early the CR that has committed the most loots, beaten, even killing chaos backed by authority. that crimes caused great disasters to many black five families later black 21 in the zenith of the CR.
Mao for seizing power do not care to trigger a civil war, he even wish to ignite a war to fulfil his extremely crazy mad ideas, neither he care about ten thousand and thousand innocent naive students life at all. Mao encourage mass to seize power from those in power, through rebel, for he knows human nature well, nobody do not like money, beauty and the power is the mother of all: women and fortune wealthy. Mao know what will happen by seizing power, but he really does not care, as the result, according to Marshal Yei there are 20 million people died in the CR, and 100 million involving persecuted, the price paid for nothing, but destroy traditional culture, values, morality and civilization.  Most majority killing during the CR is neither by red guards nor rebellion, but by organized party not by mass, but party control everything, authority paid money to ignorant young students to kill others what the CCP have been committed during the CR is proved that the CCP is nothing but a stupid foolish hooligan criminal group. Both side claimed that they are protect Mao's line, and fight for Mao's correct proletariat revolution. thousands and thousands students died in battle for nothing but for Evil Mao's delusion only.  the civil war during the CR in China is encouraged by Mao, which caused millions innocent students and workers great disasters. Wuhan incident trigger PRC to delivery weapon to leftist, the purpose is to seize power, for power struggle not through legal procedure, nor democracy nor successor, but violent fighting.

the May 16 conspiracy later named by the CCP as 516 counterrevolutions, target 10 million, among them 3.5 million were arrested for an non-existence conspiracy, many died and only in Jiangsu 130000 may 16 elements were arrested among them 6000 either death or permanent injury. within foreign ministry, more than 1000 among 2000 staffs, were defined as 516! It is anti Zhou and nobody know the truth which last from 1967 to 1973.  because no law, all rely on power and violence, the arbitrary will or mad man's will, the tragedy is produced by Zhou Enlai.

Zhou, Yang Chenwu and Mao realize that destruction of British mission is a serious matter, show that they know what is wrong of such ridicule revolution, the top responsibility should bear by the CCP policy, then is Mao, finally is all party members.
Zhou sometimes show his talents as a qualify administrator, skillful to hand foreign affairs, other time play a slavery role to desire for power, and interests, he is two side guy, who know how to use his canny skill to benefits both name and interest with selling dignity and consciousness.

after years forced brain washing, almost all Chinese become stupid fool, they know nothing truth around the world, have very limited true knowledge of other states, even in foreign relationship area, the CCP show it stupid foolish to destroy British ambassador in Beijing. It is not red guard individual acts but organized attack, for student in fact very ignorant, they are proud to be communist while look down upon capitalism, they thought they are the most revolutionary and has the duty to liberate poor people in the world. Chinese just like todays north Korean people are utterly stupid fool and ignorant but they believe that they are the most happiness people in the world.

It is not Mao's solo faults but whole CCPs. so do revolutionary communism because communist revolutionary desire to destroy old traditional society, build new communist society and create new man.educated youth 16 million sent to up to the mountains and down to the villages to accept reeducation by poor peasants. Mao a stupid foolish evil hooligan ruin ten million students career and life. Mao in essence is a ignorant peasant who know nothing of science, nor understand any cultural values and spirits. but he madly insane to believe that he is the great teacher of proletariat revolutionary movement, such delusion led him from mad to out of mind. until his disgust death. a nightmare finished. Deng Xiaoping a pragmatic reality guy who without any high education change Mao's policy, while he wants to maintain the Power, and care little of the true interest of country, nation and people, led China fall into even dark hell finally, by misleading China to a wrong way, deduced all youth to sex lust, make money without moral line, nor care about future generation benefits.

A spectra is haunting Europe-the spectra of Communism(218).
The history of all existing society is the history of class struggles(219).
the theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property(235)...property is alleged to be the ground work of all personal freedom, activity and independence.
The ruling ideas of each age have ever been the ideas of its ruling class (241)...the dissolution of the old ideas keeps even pace with the dissolution of the old conditions of existence(242).
Religious, moral, philosophical and juridical ideas have been modified in the course of historical development. But religion morality, philosophy, political science, and law, constantly survived this change. There are eternal truths, such freedom, justice, etc., that are common to all states of society. But communism abolishes eternal truths, it abolishes all religion, and all morality, instead of constituting them on a new basis; it therefore acts in contradiction to all past historical experience( Marx 242 )
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: The Communist Manifesto Notes by Gareth Stedman Jones, Penguin Books 2002


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 楼主| 发表于 1/29/2016 17:48:22 | 显示全部楼层
here is the notes I took while reading Mao's last revolution by professor roderick Macfarquhar and Michael Schoenhals, Harvard Univerity Press Cambridge, London 2006. it is my practice to write English and need careful polish to become a formal essays later.
 楼主| 发表于 3/4/2016 17:01:39 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 郭国汀 于 3/23/2016 15:13 编辑

Mao is a extremely ignorant peasant in science and techinique and economic area. He know nothing of modern science, nor understand the spirits of cultural values, but madly alegant to believe that he was teh greatest prolatariat revolutionary and the great teacher of modern world. such a dilution led him form mad to insense, until his disgust death in September 9, 1976. A nightmair finished. Deng Xiaoping, a progmatic reality guy who without any high education changed Mao's policy, while he want to maintain the power and dictatorship of the CCP, he care little of the ture interests of nation, or common people, led China run into another mislead way. seduced all Chinese focus on money without consider morality nor care about future generation's benefits.

Deng allowes those in power become rich through illegal and shameless exchanged money with the seized power, corrupted people's mind and soul quickly, destroy the Utopia ideology, while continue the dictoatorship fool people's policy, forbidden any political discussion or debate,and communication, mislead youth to lusty sex, or material enjoyment.

The Cultural revolution is one of  the worst of all the Communist party had committed crimes against Chinese, which almost utterly destroy invaluable values, ruin 12 million youthness's career and future, destroy Chinese traditional culture, raped hundred and thousand millions Chinese spirits and soul.

the communist party of China is such a disgust dirty criminal bandid group which forced rape all Chinese people over 66 years! most majority of the party members are those shameless stupid fool, robber, liars, rapist, bandid, criminals. they are, in fact, political hooligan, thug, rogue, and scum. Mao, Zhou, Deng, Jiang, Hu and Xi are nothing but scum, suck, Jerk, garbage, disgusting, repulsive, dummy, ugly lying being. To get rid off the CCP regime is the most ugrent duty of all Chinese. I firmly believe that the only rightway is to wake up all Chinese, through exploid the crimes the CCP had been committing, which explain waht we are fighting for: liberal,constitutional government base on the rule of law, human rights, independent judicial, free media, multiple political party.


clean class ranks are organized by the revolutionary committee, the CCP centrol official, massive murder happen in this period, massive murder, torture, killing, in the name of revolution. the CCP had committed heheous crimes of murders. It is killing chicken to scare monkey.

the Communists disregard human life, they lust for blood, love killing instead of respect others will and choose. during the cultural revolution, one after another serious crimes committed by the CCP, shork all provided revealed all true facts. "516" counterrevolution ten million were persecuted with 3.3 million arrested, while in the "cleaning the class ranks, at least 36million were persecuted while 750000 to 1.5 million killed, another 1.5 million serious mained or permented wounds(Macfarquhar 2006:256-257). these crimes which In Chinese scholars' works never revealed before.

cultural revolution is a seiral evidence one from the other. red guards chaos is only the beginning. rebelian following seize power trigger civil war, revenge from brack fire, 516 accidents, cleaning class ranks, all killed million and injury another millions life. Mao's great destroy life and ruin economy.

Mao's cult was triggared by himself, especially after Khrushchevs' denonciation of Stalin, Mao force whole China become mad stae, Chinese all become stupid fool, were raping bythe CCP hooligans. such humiliating, degrace and raping, almost none dare speak out their true thought. majority adault must be feel humiliating but they dare not reveal their real thinking. if Chinese really know waht the CCP has been committing during its 66 years bloody criminal terror ruling, how can they still accept such a hooligan criminal regime?

since the CCP seized the power through illegal violence, it has force raping Chinese free will and spirits and poisoned Chinese mind and soul. and this is why 17 years later, the cultural revolution can appear in China, the formal political campaign one after another all are prepare for such a foolish and redicule campaign which last ten years.

all Chinese sing the east is red like stupid fools. Mao and the CCP the evilest criminals, who seized the state power, not because they are good or great than Jiang Jieshi, and GMD at all. this is the punishment by the GOD?

Mao used Nie Yuanzi and Kuai Dafu to realise his goal then throw away both of them like get rid off dirty shoes. Mao and the CCP has been cheating and fooling Chinese more than 66 years in almost all field. they never honest tell true, but deceive to all. it hold deceive pollicy one reason is that without cheating, their fake golorious will be expose and all their make up wonderful story will be broken.
how many people had been tortured, forced suicide, excuted, beaten to death during the cleaning class ranks? the CCP donot open it file yet. in every political campaign initiated by the CCP, means ten thousand million CHinese lost their life and maim, wound, injury. the crimes are committed by the party itself not by red guard. most majority of Chinese become super stupid fools after years forced brainwashed and distort history text books in China. without get rid off teh CCP regime, there is no way for Chinese obtain their long lost freedom and justice. Why Chinese simply close their eyes, pretend that nothing happened, and nothing serious who can led Chinese people go through the liberation process, who is qualify leaders, how can we overthrow such a criminal rogue regime? why international seciety keep silence, because most people as selfish and lack political sharp eyesite, we donot care about others suffering.

Zhou Enlai is a malice man who pretend a kind talant able man, he successfully fool both domestic and international, only after his death, the true facts revealed step by step that he is not a good guy but a cruel slave who is hyposetic insincere one(275). 周恩来在中共九大会议上指责聂荣臻应对赵尔录之死负责,抱怨徐向前之女非常反动,责怪叶剑英对自文革以来许多事件,说叶对毛缺乏阶级感情,认为叶是个投机分子,阴谋篡党夺权,说陈义一贯反毛,朱德实质上根本不懂打战,攻击三位副总理:李富春对毛不忠,李先念早在30年代站在张国涛一边,陈云的经济理念全部是保护特权阶级的,邓子恢右倾到处放毒(275)。林彪形容刘少奇为五毒俱全的内奸大杂种,其罪恶滔天铁证如山。周恩来评刘少奇:此人该杀(277)。Zhou Enlai, a well-pretend  hypothatic fake man who in fact committed great deal henerous crimes in his ciminal life, has been praised by million Chinese as a kind good premier, earn a good reputation oversea, simply thanks to the totalitian dictatorship regime which forbidden any free news(421).

Khrushaeve has some sense of right and wrong, and still has principle, Deng Xiaoping has none, no sense of right and wrong, nor principle, and this is why Deng hide Mao's heneous crimes, while Khrushaeve exposed Stalin's crime, for he consider national interests rather than his personal favourity. Deng is not a politian but a political thug in essene. his mind only focus on pragamatic matter, never pay attention to any ideology nor phylosophical issues.

my father Mr. Guo Zhusheng, was cleaned out by  the CCP in 1970, drove out of the Bank and forced back to his hometown Longyan to perform manural labour for his alleged historical counter revolution. He graduated from a state university of Jinan in Shanghai with MBA, druing the Sino-Japan war in Jianyang Fujian, which move from SHanghai. my father is an intelligant honest man, whithout ambition, he never argue with anyone, neither fighting for his own rights. the accused him ten crimes all are base on imagination or simply nonsense. one is that he was a member of GMD which he join in 1944 while he was a university student, the other is that he is a chief of SQT which is Sun Yasan's ideology. third is sland of socialism, when great famine, he wrote his sister who was living in Malansia for help, who sent him a lots of clothes, foods. he also sent a number of letters to his classmates who are living oversea, including Taiwan, Hong Kong and USA. in a word, my father in fact is only an honesty proffessional banking expert, however, he was kicked out of his career by the CCP governement simply for he come from a landlord family and has joined another political party.

when I was on second grade in primire school the cultural revolution started and that year I was seven year old, each class, teachers simply asked us sing the songs to praise Mao and the CCP, while critisize the American imperialism, GMD and black five, black nine, and black 21. draw pictures describe emeny, prepare war, air attack, dig hole underground, adault never told us what shall we do.

I was a student at the center district centry primery school from each term of spring and summer, all students were sent to countrysite to labour to help peasants harvest, I donot like such activity at all, however, we are all forced to obey the order or we will be critisize at struggle meeting.

it is after such a hard labour in countrysite, one day on Chinese class, Mr. Qiu Shenglang, writen on black board, while I was drawing a pictrue about a envy vessel with a flay with red five stars, the sign of the PLA. My classmate " little general class struggle", a son of a smith, seized my picture to submit to the teacher, who looked at me with fure glance, and return to continue his written on black board. I disobey him by draw a new picture of air force airplane. suddenly Qiu seized my picture and draw me to front of class, then annanced that classmates, let us hold a critisiqul struggle meeting, what happen today on class is the new tendency of class struggle, Guo is the son of landlord and saum of the GMD, he intently draw bad picture to demaen the PLA, he persistence his reactionary status, if now is under the GMD ruling, he will press labour people, I am so shork that how dare a teacher publicly demean his student in such a way?tear running down from my face without said a single word. I was so scare that my parents will punish me for the accidents. I did not told anyone waht has happened at school. as the result, from then on, I never took my painting pen again.

a country's foreign policy in large sense, affected by its leaders test and style a lots. US's policy to China, base on the interests of the US rather than any other individual oritation. all its decision base on state interests but the good heart of the president. for under democratic government, the power of the president are limited by legislatures. statemen always play game in the field of international affair. if the leaders are ignorant with international knowledge, such the country has to pay huge fees for its stupid fool action. american's any action must be have some interests or exchanage interests, they never do anything for nothing. while the CCP regime, the leaders perform its foreign policy, personal characteristic play a much more important role, they always pay little attention to national interest or state interests but rather party's interests or his personal interests.

is it Mao want a war with Soviet Russian? No! simply for this stupid fool alegant trigger soviet Union anger, if really want a war with soviet Union, China will loss without clouds. but what purpose for such a meaningless war? Mao did not know either, he did not care? it is the ambition to become the greatest Marxism Lenism in the world.

There are lots talants in the CCP regime, because the Party firmly seized all state power, everyone wish to hava a good life, decent career and have to become a member if they want a position and status within the institution. the problems is that the political institution is utterly redicule, and reactionary, political dictatorship base on evil ideology which ruin all hope of China. the stratage of using American to chenllenge and balance soviet union is initiated by Chen Yi Marshel. Mao is a ignorantscience blind, very stupid person in many area, he know nothing about maths, law, democracy, constitutional government, rule of law, but confident as a powerful god, made decision base on his own dilusion, deny reasonalble point, choose the worst method, for his own interests, he never consider what disaster will be for his stupid fool policy.  

power has the greatest attraction even powerful than any charming ladies. when Mao learn that Lin Biao initiated an order, He was so anger that he lost his control(318). international relation are affecte by politics and economy so much, Mao want reduce Lin Biao's influence and position, through decreaing military function and role.

political economy material life is the first priorite, spirits only after material life resolve its basic survive, its possbile for people consider their spirits life. political stuggle used to be full of tricks, deceits, flatters, games, canny, subtles, wise, cruel, violence, bloody, war, human society only discover a peaceful resolve political power struggle, peaceful transfer political power after 18 century by the UK and USA first.

Mao is good at power struggle, because he have nothing to do, no duty, nor responsibility, everyday he can enjoy himself to do anything, without care its result, he focus his mind in plots, tricks, deceits, to do anything for his own interests. Mao is an evilest thug in essence, a cold bloody sucker, whose mind always play dirty games. it is the punishment of CHina for Mao's seize the power, I strongly dislike Mao and look down upon any one who has no princilples.Mao first choose Liu Shaoqi, then Lin Biao, after that Wang Hongwen, finally, Jiangqing, Mao Yunxing as successor. Zhou Enlaiis the few who share power with Mao all the way and enjoy provileges until the death bed. for his subtle and canny characteristic personality and his slave royalty nature. Mao always used one against another and never stop, for him struggle with others make him joyful. such a hooligan seize the power made so huge pain and disasters to nation.

Mao is not wrongfully choose Lin Biao, for Mao want to eliminate Liu Shaoqi, he need Lin's help and this is only reason Mao rely on Lin, as exchange, Mao promise Lin be his successor.

Deng Xiaoping is a talant man who has practice spirits know how to deal with complicate matters with his pragamatic attitude. he is the expert of control himself when situation is not good, just wait and prepare for his time, he falled three times from the top to down the hill. but rise up again each fall. he never have the name of the head of state, but he hold the power of emperor. he lower down himself said something against his ture idea, confess error and crimes which he did not believe, for soft Mao's heart, in essence, he successfully fool Mao by persue Mao to believe that he is loyalty and never revenge, however, after Mao's death only one month, Deng arranged Mao's wife arrested and end Mao's Utopia fantacy, and trun CHina up side down into a privilege bureacracy capitalism. Deng is a talant canny pragamatic guy without princliple always ready surrender confess, self demean enen against his will. only in one sense I respect Deng, which is he change Mao's policy of high education. as to his maintain the CCP dictatorship, cold bloody murder peaceful protesters for extremely selfish interests of the CCP, destroy Chinese hope for democracy made him a criminal deserve to Hell for good.

Feng Youlan's back born were bitten broken by Mao, so he tired to flatter Jiangqing by writing a poem to praise her, which reveal even great intellectuals always show their shameless means little man. Yang rongguo is another shameless scholar.

communist party didtort its member's basic values, drive out of their mind about humanity to means, everyone only protect themselves through add stone to those who fall into a well, become shameless coward, under tricks canny Mao all become little dirty canny in mind.

ignorant and imcompetant is the nature of the CCP for it against elite and deny intellacturals, while implement the extreme leftist policy. the Mass is the wisest, Mao alleged. since state planed control everything no competition no encourage create, neither rewards to great contribution. while state totally control every corner of life, killed all desire for creatve new...

why we should get rid off the Mao and The CCP regime? because they not only deprive our freedom, career, and future, but poison our mind, fool all Chinese people, make them slaves, raping their spirits for 66 years, destroy environments, ruin CHinese traditional cultures and values, and civilisation. the CCP campaign of criticise Confucius is a force raping CHinese for Confucius is the greatest sage of China and the most respectable figure in the history of the world. even much more prominet than the most majority of the emperors.


Mao claimed that his two great achievements are conquering China and launching the cultural revolution. both are great disasters to China in essence but for his own personal and the CCP, the first might be qualify, Mao in nature is a political hooligan, a great criminal, a blind in culture in essence, a thug in politics.

why cultural revolution? Mr. Chen Yongmiao, alleged that Mao want to superpass the USA constitutional government! Mr.Chen Erji claimed that Mao want to transfer power to his wife Jiangqing. Frank believed that because Mr. Liu SHaoqi in 1962 at swimming pool said to Mao " the great leap fimine causes eating people, you and I will be writtten on history books", which trigger Mao to initiate the revolution, with a purpose to get rid off Liu and his supports, Professor Michael and Roderick put it that Mao want Chinese avoid the Soviet Unions revisionary and cultural revolution is the last effort Mao perpetuate Chinese essence in mordern world. The first clearly an utterly nonsence, for Mao almost know nothing about US constitutional government, nor he understand the rule of law or democratic spirits. the second might be the last thought of Mao's purpose for CR. the third empesise on Mao for revenge Liu as his political enemy then took whole China as his hostage, might too simple to convincing. the fourth, only mention one purpose of Mao as so called prevent restore revisionary. Mao arguement is that the true motivation of Mao to launch the cultural revolution is that Mao believe that he is teh greatest Marxism and teacher of the world for developing country, which promote him to launch the cultural revolution. It is the dilution to create something unique and great, made him out of mind. the reason is Mao lack sound logical thinking power, while Mao has hot peomtic creazy which seduce him lost in his own imagination. Revange or transfer power to Jiang is one result rather than the cause, not the original purpose. Constitutional governement is simply nonsense, prevent revisionary and best effert to perpetuade Chinese essence, not necessary Mao basically is an ignorant person, he has no ideas what is socialism or communism, nor capitalism or revisionalism. so the continueing revolution under the condition of proletariat dictatorship, bring China run into communist first, become the greatest teacher of modern Marxism is his purpose, this is why Mao put so heavy emphase on Cultural revolution(451)

Mao first choose Liu Shaoqi as his successor for Liu help him defeat Mr. Wangming in July 1945, to down with Liu, Mao used Lin Biao because Lin control army force, as exchange, Mao permitted Lin to revenged his personal enemy within the CCP such as Lou Reiqing, Xiao Xiangrong, and become the second successor. After get rid off Liu, Lin become another target should be abondent. Mao seems allow Zhou Enlai to be his third successor, but soon Mao choose Deng Xiaoping to balance Zhou's power, and choose Wang Hongwen at least for a while, Mao might thought he created a true people's country, for Mao become the extremely lefiest, promote peasants, workers, military officers and rebelious to state leaders. When Mao distrusted Deng again, he choose Hua Guofeng instead of Zhang Chunqiao, or Jiangqing only before the last few month of his death. Mao instuct him to leave teh power to Jinagqing, Mao Yenxin, Zhang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyan and Wang Hongwen,the game of four; therefore, Mao seems changed in his last few years choose of successor.

the target of Mao is Liu, but Mao first attacted Lou Ruiqing, Pengzheng,Lu Dingyi, Yang Shangkun, while Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi,Lin Biao all charged Peng, Lou, Lu, and Yang one after another as if they believe they are enemy, all betray their old friends, and close ally, without mercy for self-protection, revealed the evil nature of the CCP's politics.

Mao remained well informed throughout and was well aware of what had been happening in his absence(78). In the spring 1965, Lou Ruiqing has remark to Lin Biao" I know that Chairman Mao you you hate most of all is when you are not being kept informed."

Ideology play much more important role to initiate the cultural revolution, and such ideoloty have magic power to drive those in power to mad, extend to believe they are real communist. Mao said that " a clean sheet of paper has no blotches, and so the newest and most beautiful pictures can be painted on it." In some sense, Mao did has such dilusion for create a new communist seciety and become the great teacher for the world labour class. cult of personality developed by Mao, today copy by Xi.

Rederich and Michael have strong critical thinking power, to demostrate the truth, which use excellent communicate write skills to express their wonderful analysis and comment capacity. However, this is not a perfect books which still have s number of faults, for example, not mention even Human Dao county, Shaoyang county masercare, Guangxi eating class enemy or Beijing April 5 incident in detail or convicing date. still are lots important facts not content in the work.


Mao called for a revolution in the cultural field in 1964, a senior party cadres of group of five to carry out his wishes(Macfarquhar 15).Mao had always taken a close interest in class struggle in the cultural sphere(17). Mao dwas keeping his colleagues in the dark about what he was trying to achieve.(81)

Mao in July 22, 1966 said that "who suppresses student movements? only the northern warlords did! ...those who suppress the student movement will come to no good end." ( Long live of Mao thought 1960-1967, p. 126)

a great revolution that touches people to their very souls (16 points ), bourgeoisie used the old ideas, culture, customs and habits of the exploiting classes to corrupt the masses, the proletariat must change th e mental outlook of the whole of society. our objective is to stuggle against and overthrow those persons in authority who are taking the capitalist road, to criticize and repudiate the reactionary bourgeois academic authorities and the ideology of the bourgeoisie and all other exploiting classes and to transform education, literature, and art and all other parts of the superstructre onot in correspondence with the socialist economic base, so as to facilitate teh consolidtion and development of the socialist system. (Decision of the CCP CC concerning the great proletarian cultural revolution. )

"we must firmly implement the chairmans instructions, whether we understadn them or not, we must believe in the chariman's innate genius, in his wisdom, and in his intelligence, always, ask hi for instructions and then act accordingly, never interfering in big matters or bothering him with trifles "Ling Biao in 1966 'raise high of Mao great thought red flag'.

the CCRG meetings all were chaired and set the agenda by Zhou Enlai, not by CHen Boda or Jiang Qing.(101) various of his remarks indicate that Mao craved a measure of catalytic terror to jump start the cultural revolution. Mao had no scruples about the taking of human life.(102) Mao in a conversation with trusties later in the CR, Mao suggest tht the sign of a true revolutionary was precisely his intense desire to kill: " this man Hitler was even more ferocious. the more ferocious the better, donot you think? the more people you kill, the more revolutionary you are." (102;  seen by author from a very reliable sourse)



Beijing is too civilized!" Mao declared at a post plenum work conference of central leaders. "I would say there is not a great deal of disorder...and that the numer of hooligans is very small. now is not the time to interfere." (long live of Mao thought p. 269 )

Mao show his support of June 18 incident as was "not a counterrevolutionary incident, but a revolutionary incident". ( long live of Mao thought p. 262) a red terror spread through the capital. 103

on 7 May 1966, Mao in a letter to Lin Biao "there must be a revolution in education, as the phenomenon of bourgeoiis intellectals rulng our schools can no longer be tolerated."

the world is yours, as well as ours, but in the last analysis, it is yours. you young people, full of vigor and vitality, are in the bloom of life, like the sun at eight or nine in the morning. our hope is placed on you...the world belongs to you. China's future belongs to you. Mao in fact utterly riun several generations young students career and life, more than 16 million students were forced into countryside as labor reformer.

Lin Biao 1n december 1966,in a speech call on young audience to energetically destroy all the "old ideas, old culture, old customs,and old habits. i fthe exploiting classes. " at the second rally, Lin showered praise on those red guards who during teh past two weeks had taken to the streets to sweep away the four olds. Zhou Enlai concurred fully, to salute tothe heroism shown by little red guard generals who destroy the four olds, and forster the four news. 114,

a Shanghai 26 years old teacher wrote on the evening of the rally on September 15, 1966, after he had seen Mao in person:" I have decideddto count today as my birthday. On this day,I began a new Life"! He committe suicide on October 2 after being savagely beaten and brutalized by some of his students. Mao had no sympathy:" people who try to commit suicide do not attempt to save them!... China is such a populous nation, it is not as if we annot do without a few people." 王力:历史将宣告我无罪,手稿,北京1993年第7页。


red terror. in august and september, the homes of 33695 families in Beijing were looted by rad guards or people claiming to be rad guards. confiscated 103000 liang ( about 5.7 tons) of gold, 345,200 liang of silver, 55,459,900 yuan in cash, and 613,600 antique or jade pieces. In shanghai, 8422 homes of bourgeois families were lotted between august 23 and september 8; 1231 were the homes of intellectuals or teacher. in addition to large quantities of gold and jewelry, 3.34 million in US dollars, 3.3 million yuan in other foreign currency, 2.4 million pre-communist silver dollars, and 370 million uan in cash and bonds. In October 1966, the confiscation by red guards all over China of a total of 1,188,000 liang ( about 65 tons) of gold was praised as teh confiscation of the illgotten wealth of the exploiting classes". (117)  4922 of the 6843 officially designated places of cultural or historial interes in Beijing had been destroyed. 118.

when Zhou tried to follow up by issuing a nationwide directive down to county and regimental levels, listing a wide variety of protectd establishment, Mao vetoed the document. 119. in early september Zhou tried again, the old cadres supportd him, the cultural revolutionaries did not, and so Zhou dropped the idea.

in November 1966, around 200 teachers and students from Beijing Normal University led by one Tan Houlan, descended on Qufu and announced their intention to "thououghly demolish the Confucius family shop. before leaving Beijing, Tan and her comrades had been in touch with the CCRG. Chen Boda had decreed that it was all rights to dig up and level the grave of Confucius, but he cautioned against setting the Confucius Temple and its contents on fire. during four weeks, they managed to destroy 6618 registered cultureal artifacts, including 929 paintings, more than 2700 books, 1000 stone steles, and 2000 graves. 119  on august 27, red guards from three shangdong middle schools destroyed the grave of the cultural hero Wu Xun. exhumed his corpse, walked with it to a nearby public square, held a mass sentencing rally, and finally broke it into pieces and burned it. On Hainan island, the grave of Hai Rui, was also destroyed.

public libraries suffered considerably from the destructive activities of red guards in the autumn of 1966. the loss of books during that relatively brief flurry of activity was small commpared with that caused by the state's cutback in funding and almost totall neglect of libraries after 1966. one thried of CHinas 1100 libraries at or above the county leverl had been closed, and more than 7 million library books hd been lost, stolen, or destroyed in the provinces of Lianing, Jilin, Hena, Jianxi, and Guizhoul alone. 121.

Mao " everything our enemies oppose, we shall support; everything our enemies support, we shall oppose."




In Beijing and elsewhere, the repatriation process involved tacit cooperation between red guards, and the authorities. Chen Yi on august 30: "it is very good to repatriate the 'five black categories,' but the red guards should make contaact with local police stations and not cause the deaths of the people they repatriate."(122) at lower levels , repatriation was more actively supported by party activists, police, and residential committees, whith lists of landlord element, rich peasant , reactionary, hooligan, or rightiest. while red five are : worker, poor peasants, soldiers, revolutionary cadres, martyrs, relatives.  between august 18and september 15, some 77000 residents of Beijing, were ejected from the capital. some 30000 were merely the spouses or children of monsters and freaks. In China as a whole, some 397000 urban monsters and freaks were forced to return to their ancestral villages. (123) a life and death struggle!

on april 10, 1967, with the full cooperation of the central authorities and logistical spport from the Beijing PLA Garrison, Kuai Dafus organized a huge rally, Wang Guangmei and 300 so called revisionists and capitalist roaders were publicly humiliated. In elementary schools alone in Beijing's six suburban districts, 994 persons had been beaten and struggled between June 1 and 25, 1966. But only after Mao announced that "to rebel is justified" that the red terro really began.In August adn September, 1772 people were murdered in Beijing. In Shanghai in September there were 704 suicides and 534 deaths related to the Cultrual revolution. In Wuhan during this period there were 32 murders and 62 suicide. (124)

widespread mob violence of the autumn of 1966 become possible was central document Zhongfa (1966)410; Mao ratified it, which titled " mobilizing the police to suppress the student movement is strictly prohibited: police, must stay out of the schools. not arrest anyone in the course of the movement... Xie Fuzhi at a meeting of police office in Beijing explain that, do not give them orders. donot say it is wrong of them to beat up bad persons: if in anger they beat someone to death, then so be it. if we say it's wrong, then we'll be supporting bad persons. after all, bad persons are bad, so if they're beaten to death it is no big deal. (125) police should be on the side of the red guards, provide them with information about waht the five kinds of elements are doing.  on August 13, at workers stadium 70000 wateched the dozen "hooligans" being beaten up , Mao on 18 August told Ms.Song Binbin that " be martial". red guards began organizing their own mass meetings to denounce and struggle the black gang.  in Beijing western district alone, within two weeks, the violence left close to one hundred teachers, school officials, and educational cadres dead. (126) injured was too large to be calculated. On August 31 Daxing county occurred worst killing black five, the killers included local militianmen and activists.

in every one of 85 elite colleges, middel schools, and elementary schools, throughout of China, teachers were tortured by students. at 12 of them, a teacher was beaten to death; at one school, two teachers were murdered. Beijing No. 6 middle school, red guards turned the music classroom into a jail. on the wall wrote: long live red terror!.



Deng Xiaoping describing cultural revolution as that would "prevent China from ever changing color and help CHina avert the danger of revisionism and capitalist restoration." He give Lin Biao his strongest personal endorsement as Mao's new assistant and successor" and announeced that from now on he intended to emulate Lin where is matterd the most. He was prepared to speak of what he had done togetehr with Liu in the summer as actually representing a "bourgeois reactionary erroneous line. (138)
reference news report foreign news such as " China's Cultural Revolution Leads to Increased Productivity in Industry and Agriculture"(Toyo Keizai), "Advances in Production Thanks to Great Cultural Revolution" (Neus Deutschland) and "Associated Press Forced to Concede Chinese Economy Made Strides in 1966." (140) Jiang Qing justified that China's factories that "wherever they are revolutionary, production is always doing fine." Lin Biao said that "in principle, the Cultural Revolution should promote production, and in fact this has already been proven to be the case."  remnants of bourgeois rights still exist.


on the meeting of military officers from Feb 26 to March 25, Li Fuchun claimed agricultural production had increased by 7 percent and industrial output by 22 percent. 174

On November 9, 1966 the red rebel regiment at Nankai University wrote to Zhou Enlai to inform him that they discovery that Liu Shaoqi and a number of senior CCP leaders were in fact "renegades".

He who is not afraid of death by a thousand cuts dares to unhose the emperor. made my hair stand on end.

Deng in 1962 claim that "teh color of the cat does not matter, as long as it catches mice."

on 13 January 1967, Liu asked Mao for permission to resign and to withdraw to the countryside to live as an ordinary peasant "in order to make an early conclusion of the Great Cultural Revolution possible, and save the country some suffering," Mao turned him down. (147)

in November 1966 Chen Lifu observed: "the Communist bandits are using red guards youth organizations on the mainland to make rebellion and wreak havoc. this course of action is the most stupid of all: those who cheat and exploit the young will one day inevitably be spurned by them. 151.



In Feb 1967, Mao simply noted: "now the CCRG has replaced th Secretariat." gradual disappearance of the CCP's six regional bureaus. beginning in 1968, between 70 and 90 percent of the original employees in most ministries would be sent down to May 7 cadre schools.

at the start of the cultural revolution Mao was quoted as arguing that "it's a mistake when good people beat up on good people, though it may clear up some misunderstandings, as they might otherwise not have got to know each other in the first place." made it possible to justify a physical assault on them. before dawn on December 30, 1966, some 100000 member of teh WGHO attacked about 20000 Scarlet Guards stationed around the Shanghai party secretariat on Kangping Road. after four hours of bloody fighting, capitulated. the incident as signifying the beginning of nationwide violence. 163  On January 9, Mao told the members of the CCRG that both the policies and the actions of the Shanghai rebels were correct, and that "all over China, the party, government, armed forces,and people should learn from the experience of Shanghai, and take concrete action. 165 Mao publicly gave Chen Boda, Jiang Qing, and their colleagues a bureaucratic stature equivalent to the established institutions of the party-state. 166  all power previously divided between party and government would be cenralized in one new organization.

Mao in mid January 1967, he and Wang Li telephone Zhang and Yao in Shanghai to inform them that he himself had began contemplating the setting up of a Beijing Commune". 168.

In Kaifeng, PLA opened fire on civilian demonstrators, in HUhehot, PLA officer shot and killed an unarmed student from the regional teachers college demonstrating. In Sichuan Chendu, subjected to a six day, seven night siege by members and supporters of two great radical mass organizations, and the Sichuan university august 26 Battle Regiment acting in coalition. the PLA responded by arresting close to 100000 rebels" in a province wide crackdown, backed by Beijing. 178. On April 20, the commader of the Sichuan MD informed the CCRG that some 17865 of those detained in teh crackdown had been released so far.

to many, the experience of being made to shoot to kill unarmed civilians shouting" long live the Communist Party!" a bloody confreontation in Qinghai Daily in Xining, official estimate, the "masses suffered 169 dead and 178 wounded, while the armed forces suffered 4 dead and 26 wounded. some hospitals simply refused medical tretment to those who frakly stated that they had been shot or wounded by the Army.  made a scapegoat

according to Wang Li, anti-PLA riots broke out everywhere in response to the new order.  Mao coin slogan "support the army and cherish the people".

Mao seems never to have ordered the liquidation of a senior colleague during the Cultural Rovolution. on December 29, 1966 Mao praised Tao's work since coming to Beijing. in an hour's private chat with Tao Zhu, Mao desribed Jiang Qing as narrow-minded and intolerant and counseled Tao not to take offense at anything she said. Not to shoot his mouth off without thinking first, to become more modest and prudent. 186 but on January 8, 1967, Mao commented taht the issue of Tao Zhu was "very serious". Tao was "very dishonest". Mao blamed his transfer to the center upon Deng's recommendation, as if he personally had little knowledge of Tao. 187 again On February 10, Mao summoned Lin Biao, Zhou, Chen Boda, Kang Sheng, Li Fuchun, Ye Jianying, Jiang Qing, and Wangli to a meeting and attacked Chen Boda, and Jiang Qing. Mao accused Chen Boda of having been way out of line in "calling for the overthrow "of Tao Zhu. 189  Mao turned on Jiang Qing: "you are someone who has grandiose aims but puny abilities, great ambition but little talent. you look down on everyone else." topping Tao Zhu was organized by just you two, nobody else!" Mao said that the CCRG should hold a meeting to criticize Chen and Jiang.  

it is highly unlikely that they would have carried on a two month campaign against Tao Zhu without a strong sense of the Mao tacit approval. the evidence suggests that Mao was well enough aware of teh campaign against Tao to have saved hi. the fact that he did not choose to do so indicates tacit support for the CCRG campaign, coupled with a desire t avoid blame for bringing down another so worthy a comrade on flimsy grounds. 190  grasping revolution and promoting production.

Zhou Enlai denied that Tao Zhu was guilty of suppressing the masses who were seeking to drag out Wang Renzhong.  Ye Jianying attacked Chen" the army is a pillar of the dictatorship of the proletariat.    reactionary blood lineage theory.

Tan Zhenlin announced "if I had known at the beginning taht it would come to this, I would never have joined the revolution or joined the Communist party...I should never have followed Mao all those 41 years." Chen Yi told him: "donot go! you must fight!" 193  Chen Yi " once in power, these are teh guys practice revisionism. back in Yanan, Liu, Deng, and Peng, as well as Bo, Liu Lantoa and An Ziwen, were the most energetic supposrters of Mao thought ! they never opposed Mao. they had never even met Mao! we were the ones who had opposed Mao and who were criticized as a result. was not the premier criticized ? did not histroy prove who opposed Mao?! the future will prove it again. did not Stalin hand over to Khrushchev, who ended up a revisionist? 194
Zhou interrupted Chen Yi saying" that's the very reason we are conducting a great cultural revolution to epose Liu and Deng!

at first Mao seemed not to take it very seriously and even laughed; it was when he heard about Chen's remarks that his expression duddenly changed. In a last desperate effort , Tan Zhenlin appealed to Lin Biao against the CCRG.  Mao was furious, boiling over with anger. in the early hours of Feb 19, he summoned Zhou, Ye Qun, Kang Sheng, Li Fuchun, Ye Jianying, Li Xiannian and Xie Fuzhi to a meeting of the Politburo. Mao counterattacked: "the CCRG errors amount to 1, 2, maybe 3 percent, while it's been correct up to 97 percent. if someone opposes the CCRG, I will resolutel oppose him! you attempt to negate the great cultural revolution, but you shall not succeed! tell Lin Biao that he is not safe either. some are trying to grab his power, he should be prepared. if this great cultural revolution fails, he and I will withdraw from Beijing and go back to the Jinggan mountains to fight a guerrilla war. you said that Jiang Qing and Chen Boda are no good, well, let's ake you, Chen Yi, the head of the CCRG, and arest Chen and Jiang and have them executed! let us sent Kang Sheng into exile! I shall step down, too, and then you can ask Wang Ming to return to be Chairman. " 196  Chen Boda claimed that they had amounted to an attempted "subversiion of the dictatorship of the proletariat".

the united action committee, formed exclusively of the sons and daughters of high level officials who came together when they suddenly realized that the targets of the CR were not the usual suspects but their own parents.  after Mao told him as class struggle, On January 17, Xie Fuzhi denounced the committee as a "reactionary organization" led by countrerevolutionaryies to a gathering of public security officers.

in the final week of January, some 139 members of teh committee had been arrested and locked up in Beijing no. one prison. 197.


during the summer of 1967, China descended into a state of what Mao described as "all round civil war". according Mao, "everywhere people were fighting, dividing into two factions; there were two factions in every factory, in every school, in every province, in every county; every ministry was like that , the foreign ministry was split into two factions, in chaos. I n July and August 1967, nothing could be done; there was massive upheaval throughout the country". 199 at his birthday party the 1966 Mao had welcomed th prospect of civil war. Lin Biao put it in mid 1967, " the great cultural  has turned into the great martializing revolution. "

In Wuhan, Chen Zaidao arresting 2000-3000 of leading activists, late May, the first death occurred, early June, major clashes took place regularly with more loss of life, June 24, killed 24 defenders in the process, teenagers were paid cash to kill. killing a young boy would get 20 yuan, for killing a combat team member, got 50 yuan.  In Hunan, "in some places you get 3 yuan in cash each day, while in others you get 100 yuan for fighting one battle. in yet other places, you get 100 yuan for killing someone. even if they survive, you still get 100 yuan." 205

according to the Wuhan MR, the Million Heroes had the support of the people, the rebels had attacked 342 soldiers and wounded 264, some severely. Rebel statistics listed 174 violent clashes between the end of April and the end of June, involving 70000 people, of whom 158 killed and 1060 seriusly wounded. another rebel account claimed that "more than 7000 of them killed or injured during May, and 744 reels killed and 8900 wounded in fighting after June 4.  a post-cultural revolution PLA historian gave figures of 108 dead and 2774 wounded between June 4 and 30. 205

on July 9, Mao addressed a gathering of senior PLA officers, " donot be afraid of people making trouble. the bigger the trouble gets, the longer it lasts, the better. " 206 according Lin Biao, the Mao "reads all the reports and all the telegrams from below very carefully and has a very clear understanding of the situation at the lower levels. he reads the all himself. " 206

the million heroes organization collapsed. more than 184000 alleged members and suppored of teh million heroes in Hubei province were beaten up or killed; in wuhan 66000 were wounded, over 600 killed. 214. according to a Chinese historian, " in actural fact, violent clashes occurred in all of China's cities. There were virtually no exceptions. 214(王年一《大动乱的年代》第261页)

attack with reason, defend with force; a few day later after the word  of Jaing Qing says "to defend with force is good. armed clashes at the Zhengzhou Cigarette factory and the Kaifeng chemical fertilizer plant in the last week of July produced thirty seven dead, 290 wounded, and 300 prisoners of war, of whom 2 were later buried alive. 214. but it is Mao said " why cannot we arm the workers and students? " Mao had asked Zhou, Xie, Wangli, Chen Zaidao, and Zhong Hanhua on July 18. " I say we should arm them!" on July 31 In Shanghai, Zhang Chunqiao presented ao with a formal request for permission to set up a workers armed self-defense force. Mao responded positively, passing on the request to Lin, Zhou, and the CCRG for additional comments; by later August, "organize the left, arm the left" had been circulated by Shanghai revolutionary committee.  in a letter to Jiang Qing on August 4, Mao calculated that 75 percent of the PLA officer corps supported the right and concluded that this fact made it imperative now to arm the left. " arms seizures are not a serious problem."  Mao called for a mass dictatorhsip, a  move that led to power-seizures in public security organs and the courts, and the establishment of kangaroo courts as legal norms.  thereafter, there were large scale arms seizures in Guangdong province and even prisioners in Chinese gulag began seizing guns. 215.

Zhou Enlai on August 7 told delegates from Hunan that "real left should demand arms, to supply them with arms was simply to act in accordance with " an instruction isued by our supreme commander-in-chief. " 215 at the same day, Mao signed off on a central document commenting positively on the formation in Hunan of a " rvolutionary armed force of mass charater under the leadership of the preparatory group for a provincial revolutionary committee.  Lin Biao told a closed meeting of central leaders and senior PLA officers two days later: " we must comply with Mao's instructions, arm the left and distribute arms to the leftist masses. " on August 10 Mao signed off on a central document calling Jiangxi to arm the revolutionary masses " in areaas where conditions are ripe". 215. On August 13, Kang Sheng cited teh slogan " arm the left", and three days later he and Guan Feng accused the PLA unit enter the Wuzhong region, Ningzia to "support the left" of being "too soft" and "unprincipled " in its dealings with local. the PLA should resolutedly support the local " leftists" and "if necessary provide them with arms for self-defense."

at five on Agust 28, 1967 PLA open fire on civilians, killed more than 400, Kang defend himself by saying that resolution of the Qingtongxia issue had been endorsed by Mao and Lin. a post-cultural revolution official inquiry determined that the PLA shot dead 101 and wounded 133.

In Hangzhou, Zhejiang air force and navy supported the red storm provisional headquarters. rebels aremed theselves with weapons and 1.27million rounds of ammunition.  

in Wenzhou, on August 13, two PLA units mistaking each other for the rebels and their local military allies opened fire on each other, killing severn people.

In Chongqing on one occasion alone, involved close to 10000 combatants employing virtually every kind of conventional weapon available and resulted in the death or wounding of close to 1000, and the destructionof vast amounts of state property.

in Hunan, Lianuan Steel Plant had to be suspened in July for six weeks because of factional fighting that led to sic dea, and 68 wounded.

In Daqing oilfields, workers looted the local printing plant and railway station.

Anshan Iron and Steel Plant were imposed military control by central authority in August.

in Shanghai diesel engine Plant a battle between two popular factions resulted in 18 dead and 983 wounded, with 121 suffering permanent injuries.  even under these chaotic conditions, bureaucracy still ruled.  beginning in June, armed struggles in Jiangshu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, and Sichuan had become so serius that people begain to flee to Shanghai.  In Beijing, official figure compiled in May stated that during the ten days from April 30 to May 9, no less than 133 "armed struggles" occurred, involving 60000 and 70000 people, of whom 1400 wounded. by the end of June, officially estimated that thousands of " armed struggles" had occurred since the formation of the revolutionary committee. In Changchun, Jilin exploded two " radioactive self-defense bombs on 1:15 am and 12:35 pm on August 6, 1967.


the May 16 Conspiracy. targeted 10 million people nationwide. Wangli estimated in 1981 that it involved the persecution of 3 million people; in 1983 he revised this numer upward, the arrested of 3.5 million. " capital red guard May 16 regiment.

every Chinese ambassador but one and up to 2/3 of embassy staffs were summoned home to participate in the cultural revolution. red guards laid siege to the Soviet embassy in Beijing;  French commercial counselor in Beijing and his wife were dragged from their car and shouted at for six hours. In June the second and third secretarie of the Indian embassy were beaten by red guards at the Beijing airport. by the end of September 1967, China had involved in quarrels of varying magnitude with over thirty countries. in August 30, burning of the British mission in Beijing.

On August 25, 1967 Mao told Yang Chenwu that Wangli, Guan Feng, and Qi Benyu" are wredking the great cultural revolutiona and are not good people. tell nobody bu tthe premier about this, and see to ti that they are arrested. I am putting the premier in charge of dealing with this matter".  drag out a small handful in the millitary!229. the fucking bastards.

more than 130000 "may 16 elements" were ferreted out in Jiangsu as a whole and that of these, more 6000 were so badly treated that they either died or sffered perment injuries. similar histories of Henan, Tibet and Liaoning, guangxi.



in 1969 the Liaoning revolutionary committee employed only 580 people compared with 6694 by the old provincial party committee and government on the eve of the CR.  with 86.4 million sets of Mao's selected works and 350 million copies of the Littel red book published in 1967.

in August 1967, Wei Guoqing had been beaten bloody and semiconscious by a mob of some 200 Guangxi rebels, who traveled all teh way to Beijing.  Guangxi April 22 revolutionary action command, support of a PLA main force unit responsible to Beijing. and Guangxi United command of Proletarian revolutionaries, loyal to Wei, and supported by local PLA. when the main force transferred out of Guangxi in the spring 1968, nanning city was ablaze. 166 boats were sunk, 3600 tons of cargo destroyed, dozen of buildings raxed to the ground. on July 31, 7 company from Guangdong MR and Nanning military joined the United command in the second battle with April 22, in downtown, 60 million was destroyed and more than 50000 people left homeless. close 10000 survivors and suporteers of April 22 were taken prisoner, of whom 2324 were later executed.

Nie Yuanzi, Tan houlan, Han Aijing, Kuai Dafu, and Wang Dabin. up to the mountains and down to the villages.  communist youth league, little red guards, young pioneers.  12 million ruban youth, educated youth 1967 and 1979 totaled 16,470,000. an important step in carrying out a cultural revolution in the countryside.

cleansing the Class ranks.  in power with an opportunity to get rid of opponents, in the name of get rid of bad people inside your own ranks.  three checks, in Daqing oilfield, had been fifteen suicides between January and April 1968, and no less than 36 in May and June. to kill th echicken in order to scare the monkey.  

in Jilin, the cleansing of the class ranks led to the "death from unnatural causes of 2127 and permanent injury of 3459 cadres. 257. among the broad masses the number of those who were either killed or permanently injured was evern larger. In Heilongjiang, official post cultural revolution account, result in "very large numbers of deaths from unnatural causes, and tns of thousands of people being seriously maimed both physically and mentally. An official history of a county on the Soviet border notes that th local authorities at the time applied 33 different forms, and 290 variants of torture" to 539 suspects and that this reslted in the death of 76 and maiming of 192. in another county some 2125 suspects were arrested and of these 38 were persecuted to deth, 2 were maimed and 7 suffered permanet wounds from torture. 257  In inner Mongolia,  New Inner Mongollian People's Party, three big unjust cases totaled 790000. of these 22900 died and 120000 were maimed.

in Hebei, more than 84000 people were persecuted on suspicion f being members of an underground KMT network: tortured during interrogation, 1955 of them died, and 763 suffered permannet disabilities. In Yunnan, according to the RC cleansing the class ranks office in August 1969, 448000 people were targeted in the province. of these some 15000 were cleaned, and a staggering 6979 died, all of them by "death from enforced suicide". In Beijing, the cleansing class ranks result deaths of 3731, between January 1968 and May 1969, more than 94 percent of the deaths again registered as "suicides ". In Zhejiang, an estimated 100000 people were arrested, detained, dragged out, and struggled. in the course of the movement and a total of 9198 officially "hounded to death".

In Binyang county, Guangxi, 3681 most villiage residents were summarily executed and thrown into mass graves in one ten day period in the summer of 1968. publicly acknowledged by senior party historians writing about these events : counterrevolutionaries were beaten to death and in the most beastly fashion had their flesh and liver consumed by their killers. 259.
the most notorious cases of CR cannibalism occured in Wu county Guangxi, the systematic killing and cannibalization of individuals in the name of political revolution and class struggle. less known is the case of Qiaojia county in Yunnan, where Peasant sentencing rally on June 10, 1968, the farmer Zhou Mingtai ws sentenced to death and promptly executed, his heart was cut out and made public display, his skull was opened and revoved his brain, as well his tongue, his penis and tsticles was boiled and eaten. 259. in Beijing university, out of 10000 students and staff, 900 arrested by the PLA 63rd corps. 260

malicious slander of the three red banners. vicious attacks on Jiang Qing. one should not follow blindly, but think independently.

there are no offiial estimates of the total number of people killed in all of China during the "cleanse the class ranks movement, but information extracted from more thn 1500 county gazetteers published after the CR has been used in one very authortative sociological analysis of the moverment in rural China. this study estimates that around 36 million people were persecuted. "this is a staggering number" the study acknowledges, "but it is arrived at throught fairly conservative assumptions about the completeness and accuracy of the sources... our best estimate for the numbers killed is between 750,000 and 1.5 million, with roughly equal numbers permanently injured. the toll in teh cities has not yet been reported, where 18 percent of the population of China lived. 262.

three loyalties and four boundless loves: loyalty to Chairman Mao, Mao Zedong thought, and CHairman Mao's proletaarian revolutionary line; boundless love for Mao, the Communist Party, Mao thought, and Mao's proletarian revolutionary line.

"asking for instructions in the morning and reporting back in the evening". Mao's reaction: "I have read this, and it is vry good. thank you, comrades!" then appeared the " loyalty dance". 2.2 billion aluminum Mao badges had so far been produced by factories . the east is red.  supreme instructions. three old passages.

on October 7, 1968, a middle school teacher in Fucheng county, Hebei, was sentenced "in accordance with the Law" to nine years in prison for having, written in his private diary that a certain Mao Quote gave him boundless energy" then changedthat to "very much energy".  on October 15, 1968, a typesetter with the Handan daily was sentenced to 20 years in prison as an " active counterrevolutionary" for mistakenly typesetting a sentence wising Mao "eternal life without end"万寿无疆 as one wishing him "no long life without end". 无寿无疆 " malicious attack on great leader Chairman Mao. 267

in 1968 approximately 100 common prducts including cooking oil and rice, were obtainable only by those in possession of the proper coupons or ration books. but Mao dclared that "the situation in the great cultural revolution nationawide is not merely good, but excellent. the situation as a whole is better than on any previous occasion.


instigatd the masses to fight the masses.  74 pages indictment of Liu Shaoqi's alleged crimes had been prepared for the plenum by thecentral case examination group, which reportedly assigned 400000 people to pore over 4 million files covering the period since the Sino-Japanese war.  traitor, renegade, and scab. Lin Biao descibed Liu as an "exceptionally big bastard and maintained the "Liu is the ultimat, most highly venomous renegade, and there's a mountain of iron evidence proving that he's guilty and deserves to be accused of the most heinous of crimes. Zhou Enlai's comment had been " this one can be executed ". 277

dustbin of history, he waved a goose feather fan, trust in the party, trust in the masses.  the greater part of the cultural revolution that role was played by Zhou Enlai 278

the case of the alleged murder ( suicide according to the forensic evidence) of Su Mei, Kang Sheng's sister in law and mistress, which led to the persecutin of 99 individuals, of whom 9 ended up in prison, 23 were put under house arrest, 3 went to mad, 2 perished at the hands of their interrogators. 283.

getting rid of the stale and taking in the fresh.  a congress of unity  and a congress of victory. Mao had relied on Chen Boda's idoelogical expertise for thirty years.  Mao's theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat.  the greatest Marxist leninist of our era Mao. class-alien elements.

the one strike, three anti campaign. the strike referred to a nationawide crackdown on counterrevolutionary destructionve activities.

in Yinchuan, Ningxia a dozen or so " sent down university graduates who called themselves the "communist self study university were arrested at the beginning of 1970 and ccused of having engaged in counterrevolutionary" activities while merely pretending to be studying Marxism-Leninism three of them were sentenced to death and executed. on Auust 29, 1970.

in Beijing, lasted until the end of 1970, 5757 "renegades, special agents, counterrevolutionaries, and other bad elements. 3138 "counterrevolutionaary and fairly major ciminal cases". and more than 6200 cases of alleged graft, embezzlement, or profiteering.

in most other parts of China including Shanghai, last until 1972 or 1973.  In January in Helongjiang, 3173 political cases, and 37462 economic cases; In January 1972 in Guangzhou, rack 2168 major ases and identify 147 counterrrevolutionary cliques. In Baoding, Hebei, campaign lasted until Decemer 1972, during seven consecutive public sentencing rallies, at which 17 people were executed and another 1325 given punishments. In Shanghai, the campaign begain to wind down at the end of 1972. in the te rural counties surrounding the city, 64000 people were dragged out and struggled, among these wer 520 other than normal deaths.  the only figure made avilable by the CCP concerns the first ten months of the campaign: the nuber of people said to have been arrested as counterrevolutionaries and the like by teh end of November 1970 exceeded 284800. 307.

the fighting on the Ussuri in March 1969 had in fact been instigated by the Chinese. 309  200-330 men were selected form each of htree armies and given special trainning. played the external threat card domestically for all it was worth over the weeks and months.construct air raid shelters,

subtle as Zhou Enlai, or as canny as Kang Sheng, waving th red flag to knock down the red flag. Wang Dongxing was in regular contact with Lin's group throughYe Qun and like Chen Boda he could have been investing in his future.

571 wuqiyi Mao is a parnoid and sadist. rain has to fall, girls have to marry, these things are immutable; let them go.

had the cultural revolution been simply a power struggle, Mao could have ended it in early 1967.  

conditions in Qincheng prison were utterly inhuman, and more fascist than fascism.Wangli claim, between 1967 and 1971, more than 60 Qincheng inmates are alleged to have gone insane, while an additional 34 were either tormented to death and or committed suicide. 342.



In the spring of 1973, a 41 years old engineer at the chengdu Institute of telecommunications a CCP membeer of 20 years named Tu Deyong, mailed copies of his "ten indictments against the great cultural revolution to a number of universities and revolutionary committees in different parts of China. arrested in 1975, on May 23, 1976 Tu was sentenced to life in prison.

In late October 1974, Shi Yunfeng, 26 years old worker in Changchun...more than 6600 specially assigned members of local security personnel, he was executed as an "active counterrevolutionary on December 19, 1976, drugged and with his lips sewn together with surgical thread so he would not confuse his executioners by shouting slogans.

in september 1972, Mao moved Wang Hongwen from Shanghai to Beijing. in May 1973, Wang would be assigned along with Ji Dengkui and Wu De to participate in Poliburo work. 357.  Mao had Wang hongwen put his ballot in the ballot box for him: " it showed taht Wang enjoyed Mao's trust to the fullest and that Mao had personally picked Wang to be his successor. " 362.  Wang Hongwen's extraordinary rise was confirmed by his ranking as the second. Wang Hongwen's failure to handle domestic affairs had led the Mao to discard him as heir apparent,.434

reeducated by the poor and lower-middle peasants. Shadian incident in the summer of 1975, violence erupted between a locally organized Muslim Militia regiment and the non-Muslim county administration's militia command. In early 1975, representatives of both sides in the conflict were called to Beijing, where a truce was negotiated. On July 5, signed off on by Mao which gave the PLA the go ahead to enter Shadian to bring the situation under control if all other attempt to end the now increasingly tense standoff peacefully failed. 21 days fighting, 1600 villagers,including 300 children, elderly and sick attempting to flee had been killed. 388

three supports and two militaries. the phenomenon of our schools' being dominated by bourgeois in tellecturals. worldviews transformed. big poisonous weeds. criticize water margin, denounce song jiang. beat back the right-deviationist wind.

to alert the whole country to the danger of revisionism, Mao and the Politburo launched a major movement to study the writings of Marx, Engels, and Lenin on the dictatorship of the proletariat. cleansing of the square.act according to past principles. with you in charge, I am at ease.

Mao looked back and claimed two great achievements: conquering China and launching the cultural revolution. (王年一《大动乱的年代》第600页)

at 9:30 pm on April 5, 1976 more than 10000 members of militia, 3000 policemen, and five battalions from Beijing Garrison all aremed with clubs, entered teh square running. slightly more than 200 people still in the square who had not wanted or managed to escape, were beaten up and dragged away by force. it seems taht no one was killed or died from injuries susptained in the process. 427. in the end, 59 of the people apprehended in teh square taht night were sentenced to jail terms of varying lengths.


cultural revolution is very likely that when people have forgotten about it, it will make a comeback, and people who have never gone crazy will go crazy, and people who have never been oppressed will oppress or be oppressed. this is because madness has existed since the birth of humanity, and it is simply a question of when it will flare up again. (Gao Xingjian, One Man's Bible pages 195)

whatever policy Mao decided upon, we shall resolutely defend; whatever directives Mao issued, we shall steadfastly obey. sealed his fate.silent majority.practice is the sole criterion of truth.democracy wall. to get rich is glorious. some people in rural areas and cities should be allowed to get rich before others. out of bad things can come good things.


Jiang Qing vociferously that she had only done what Mao had ordered, accused of being responsible for Liu Shaoqi's persecutin to death, she retorted that the presideing judge himself and most other CC members at the time had competed with each other to denounce Liu. 455

cultural revolution was initiated and led by Mao. the legitimacy of the Party still rested heavily on Mao's revolutionary achievements. Deng put it, "discrediting Mao... would discrediting our Party and state. (《邓小平文选》第287页)

the cultural revolution was truly the watershed in the history of teh PRC.  Chinese learning for the essence, western learning for practical use. 2000 years old imperial Confucian state gave way to a republic: Confucianism as a social philosophy attack by intellectuals as inegalitarian and paternalistic.  CCP offered Marxism Leninism, a foreign essence as totalist in its reach as Confucianism, the GLF was Mao's first attempt to find a distinctive Chinese road. the cultural revolution was declaredly Mao's attermpt to vaccinate his people agianst the Soviet disease. it was his last best effort to define and perpetuate a distinct Chinese essence in the modern world. his was truly the last stand of Chinese conservatism. 460??!

Confucian mandarins, had believed that government should dominate the economy, and had frowned on the profit motive as corrosive of personal morality and social harmany. officialdom insisted on monopoly control of key commodities; its philosophy was spelled out as early as the famous debates on salt and iron in the second centrury BC. Merchants were discriminated against, economically and socially. merchants grew wealthy and powerful only by a symbiotic, subordinate, and often corrupt relationship with the bureaucracy.

Deng asserted the key to success in modernization is stability. the basis for stability was to be four cardinal principles: the socialist road, the dictatorship of the proletariat, the leadership of the CCP, and Marxism Leninism and Mao Thought.


 楼主| 发表于 3/7/2016 13:57:43 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 郭国汀 于 3/7/2016 20:53 编辑

clean class ranks are organized by the revolutionary committee, the CCP centrol official, massive murder happen in this period, massive murder, torture, killing, in the name of revolution. the CCP had committed heheous crimes of murders. It is killing chicken to scare monkey.


the Communists disregard human life, they lust for blood, love killing instead of respect others will and choose. during the cultural revolution, one after another serious crimes committed by the CCP, shork all provided revealed all true facts. "516" counterrevolution ten million were persecuted with 3.3 million arrested, while in the "cleaning the class ranks, at least 36million were persecuted while 750000 to 1.5 million killed, another 1.5 million serious mained or permented wounds(Macfarquhar 2006:256-257). these crimes which In Chinese scholars' works never revealed before.


cultural revolution is a seiral evidence one from the other. red guards chaos is only the beginning. rebelian following seize power trigger civil war, revenge from brack fire, 516 accidents, cleaning class ranks, all killed million and injury another millions life. Mao's great destroy life and ruin economy.


Mao's cult was triggared by himself, especially after Khrushchevs' denonciation of Stalin, Mao force whole China become mad stae, Chinese all become stupid fool, were raping bythe CCP hooligans. such humiliating, degrace and raping, almost none dare speak out their true thought. majority adault must be feel humiliating but they dare not reveal their real thinking. if Chinese really know waht the CCP has been committing during its 66 years bloody criminal terror ruling, how can they still accept such a hooligan criminal regime?


since the CCP seized the power through illegal violence, it has force raping Chinese free will and spirits and poisoned Chinese mind and soul. and this is why 17 years later, the cultural revolution can appear in China, the formal political campaign one after another all are prepare for such a foolish and redicule campaign which last ten years.


all Chinese sing the east is red like stupid fools. Mao and the CCP the evilest criminals, who seized the state power, not because they are good or great than Jiang Jieshi, and GMD at all. this is the punishment by the GOD?

Mao used Nie Yuanzi and Kuai Dafu to realise his goal then throw away both of them like get rid off dirty shoes. Mao and the CCP has been cheating and fooling Chinese more than 66 years in almost all field. they never honest tell true, but deceive to all. it hold deceive pollicy one reason is that without cheating, their fake golorious will be expose and all their make up wonderful story will be broken.

how many people had been tortured, forced suicide, excuted, beaten to death during the cleaning class ranks? the CCP donot open it file yet. in every political campaign initiated by the CCP, means ten thousand million CHinese lost their life and maim, wound, injury. the crimes are committed by the party itself not by red guard. most majority of Chinese become super stupid fools after years forced brainwashed and distort history text books in China. without get rid off teh CCP regime, there is no way for Chinese obtain their long lost freedom and justice. Why Chinese simply close their eyes, pretend that nothing happened, and nothing serious who can led Chinese people go through the liberation process, who is qualify leaders, how can we overthrow such a criminal rogue regime? why international seciety keep silence, because most people as selfish and lack political sharp eyesite, we donot care about others suffering.

Zhou Enlai is a malice man who pretend a kind talant able man, he successfully fool both domestic and international, only after his death, the true facts revealed step by step that he is not a good guy but a cruel slave who is hyposetic insincere one(275). 周恩来在中共九大会议上指责聂荣臻应对赵尔录之死负责,抱怨徐向前之女非常反动,责怪叶剑英对自文革以来许多事件,说叶对毛缺乏阶级感情,认为叶是个投机分子,阴谋篡党夺权,说陈义一贯反毛,朱德实质上根本不懂打战,攻击三位副总理:李富春对毛不忠,李先念早在30年代站在张国涛一边,陈云的经济理念全部是保护特权阶级的,邓子恢右倾到处放毒(275)。林彪形容刘少奇为五毒俱全的内奸大杂种,其罪恶滔天铁证如山。周恩来评刘少奇:此人该杀(277)。Zhou Enlai, a well-pretend  hypothatic fake man who in fact committed great deal henerous crimes in his ciminal life, has been praised by million Chinese as a kind good premier, earn a good reputation oversea, simply thanks to the totalitian dictatorship regime which forbidden any free news(421).


Khrushaeve has some sense of right and wrong, and still has principle, Deng Xiaoping has none, no sense of right and wrong, nor principle, and this is why Deng hide Mao's heneous crimes, while Khrushaeve exposed Stalin's crime, for he consider national interests rather than his personal favourity. Deng is not a politian but a political thug in essene. his mind only focus on pragamatic matter, never pay attention to any ideology nor phylosophical issues.

my father Mr. Guo Zhusheng, was cleaned out by  the CCP in 1970, drove out of the Bank and forced back to his hometown Longyan to perform manural labour for his alleged historical counter revolution. He graduated from a state university of Jinan in Shanghai with MBA, druing the Sino-Japan war in Jianyang Fujian, which move from SHanghai. my father is an intelligant honest man, whithout ambition, he never argue with anyone, neither fighting for his own rights. the accused him ten crimes all are base on imagination or simply nonsense. one is that he was a member of GMD which he join in 1944 while he was a university student, the other is that he is a chief of SQT which is Sun Yasan's ideology. third is sland of socialism, when great famine, he wrote his sister who was living in Malansia for help, who sent him a lots of clothes, foods. he also sent a number of letters to his classmates who are living oversea, including Taiwan, Hong Kong and USA. in a word, my father in fact is only an honesty proffessional banking expert, however, he was kicked out of his career by the CCP governement simply for he come from a landlord family and has joined another political party.


when I was on second grade in primire school the cultural revolution started and that year I was seven year old, each class, teachers simply asked us sing the songs to praise Mao and the CCP, while critisize the American imperialism, GMD and black five, black nine, and black 21. draw pictures describe emeny, prepare war, air attack, dig hole underground, adault never told us what shall we do.


I was a student at the center district centry primery school from each term of spring and summer, all students were sent to countrysite to labour to help peasants harvest, I donot like such activity at all, however, we are all forced to obey the order or we will be critisize at struggle meeting.


it is after such a hard labour in countrysite, one day on Chinese class, Mr. Qiu Shenglang, writen on black board, while I was drawing a pictrue about a envy vessel with a flay with red five stars, the sign of the PLA. My classmate " little general class struggle", a son of a smith, seized my picture to submit to the teacher, who looked at me with fure glance, and return to continue his written on black board. I disobey him by draw a new picture of air force airplane. suddenly Qiu seized my picture and draw me to front of class, then annanced that classmates, let us hold a critisiqul struggle meeting, what happen today on class is the new tendency of class struggle, Guo is the son of landlord and saum of the GMD, he intently draw bad picture to demaen the PLA, he persistence his reactionary status, if now is under the GMD ruling, he will press labour people, I am so shork that how dare a teacher publicly demean his student in such a way?tear running down from my face without said a single word. I was so scare that my parents will punish me for the accidents. I did not told anyone waht has happened at school. as the result, from then on, I never took my painting pen again.




 楼主| 发表于 3/7/2016 16:04:13 | 显示全部楼层
a country's foreign policy in large sense, affected by its leaders test and style a lots. US's policy to China, base on the interests of the US rather than any other individual oritation. all its decision base on state interests but the good heart of the president. for under democratic government, the power of the president are limited by legislatures. statemen always play game in the field of international affair. if the leaders are ignorant with international knowledge, such the country has to pay huge fees for its stupid fool action. american's any action must be have some interests or exchanage interests, they never do anything for nothing. while the CCP regime, the leaders perform its foreign policy, personal characteristic play a much more important role, they always pay little attention to national interest or state interests but rather party's interests or his personal interests.

is it Mao want a war with Soviet Russian? No! simply for this stupid fool alegant trigger soviet Union anger, if really want a war with soviet Union, China will loss without clouds. but what purpose for such a meaningless war? Mao did not know either, he did not care? it is the ambition to become the greatest Marxism Lenism in the world.


There are lots talants in the CCP regime, because the Party firmly seized all state power, everyone wish to hava a good life, decent career and have to become a member if they want a position and status within the institution. the problems is that the political institution is utterly redicule, and reactionary, political dictatorship base on evil ideology which ruin all hope of China. the stratage of using American to chenllenge and balance soviet union is initiated by Chen Yi Marshel. Mao is a ignorantscience blind, very stupid person in many area, he know nothing about maths, law, democracy, constitutional government, rule of law, but confident as a powerful god, made decision base on his own dilusion, deny reasonalble point, choose the worst method, for his own interests, he never consider what disaster will be for his stupid fool policy.  


power has the greatest attraction even powerful than any charming ladies. when Mao learn that Lin Biao initiated an order, He was so anger that he lost his control(318). international relation are affecte by politics and economy so much, Mao want reduce Lin Biao's influence and position, through decreaing military function and role.


political economy material life is the first priorite, spirits only after material life resolve its basic survive, its possbile for people consider their spirits life. political stuggle used to be full of tricks, deceits, flatters, games, canny, subtles, wise, cruel, violence, bloody, war, human society only discover a peaceful resolve political power struggle, peaceful transfer political power after 18 century by the UK and USA first.


Mao is good at power struggle, because he have nothing to do, no duty, nor responsibility, everyday he can enjoy himself to do anything, without care its result, he focus his mind in plots, tricks, deceits, to do anything for his own interests. Mao is an evilest thug in essence, a cold bloody sucker, whose mind always play dirty games. it is the punishment of CHina for Mao's seize the power, I strongly dislike Mao and look down upon any one who has no princilples.Mao first choose Liu Shaoqi, then Lin Biao, after that Wang Hongwen, finally, Jiangqing, Mao Yunxing as successor. Zhou Enlaiis the few who share power with Mao all the way and enjoy provileges until the death bed. for his subtle and canny characteristic personality and his slave royalty nature. Mao always used one against another and never stop, for him struggle with others make him joyful. such a hooligan seize the power made so huge pain and disasters to nation.


Mao is not wrongfully choose Lin Biao, for Mao want to eliminate Liu Shaoqi, he need Lin's help and this is only reason Mao rely on Lin, as exchange, Mao promise Lin be his successor.


Deng Xiaoping is a talant man who has practice spirits know how to deal with complicate matters with his pragamatic attitude. he is the expert of control himself when situation is not good, just wait and prepare for his time, he falled three times from the top to down the hill. but rise up again each fall. he never have the name of the head of state, but he hold the power of emperor. he lower down himself said something against his ture idea, confess error and crimes which he did not believe, for soft Mao's heart, in essence, he successfully fool Mao by persue Mao to believe that he is loyalty and never revenge, however, after Mao's death only one month, Deng arranged Mao's wife arrested and end Mao's Utopia fantacy, and trun CHina up side down into a privilege bureacracy capitalism. Deng is a talant canny pragamatic guy without princliple always ready surrender confess, self demean enen against his will. only in one sense I respect Deng, which is he change Mao's policy of high education. as to his maintain the CCP dictatorship, cold bloody murder peaceful protesters for extremely selfish interests of the CCP, destroy Chinese hope for democracy made him a criminal deserve to Hell for good.


Feng Youlan's back born were bitten broken by Mao, so he tired to flatter Jiangqing by writing a poem to praise her, which reveal even great intellectuals always show their shameless means little man. Yang rongguo is another shameless scholar.


communist party didtort its member's basic values, drive out of their mind about humanity to means, everyone only protect themselves through add stone to those who fall into a well, become shameless coward, under tricks canny Mao all become little dirty canny in mind.


ignorant and imcompetant is the nature of the CCP for it against elite and deny intellacturals, while implement the extreme leftist policy. the Mass is the wisest, Mao alleged. since state planed control everything no competition no encourage create, neither rewards to great contribution. while state totally control every corner of life, killed all desire for creatve new...


why we should get rid off the Mao and The CCP regime? because they not only deprive our freedom, career, and future, but poison our mind, fool all Chinese people, make them slaves, raping their spirits for 66 years, destroy environments, ruin CHinese traditional cultures and values, and civilisation. the CCP campaign of criticise Confucius is a force raping CHinese for Confucius is the greatest sage of China and the most respectable figure in the history of the world. even much more prominet than the most majority of the emperors.
 楼主| 发表于 3/7/2016 20:48:49 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 郭国汀 于 3/8/2016 16:10 编辑

Mao claimed that his two great achievements are conquering China and launching the cultural revolution. both are great disasters to China in essence but for his own personal and the CCP, the first might be qualify, Mao in nature is a political hooligan, a great criminal, a blind in culture in essence, a thug in politics.

why cultural revolution? Mr. Chen Yongmiao, alleged that Mao want to superpass the USA constitutional government! Mr.Chen Erji claimed that Mao want to transfer power to his wife Jiangqing. Frank believed that because Mr. Liu SHaoqi in 1962 at swimming pool said to Mao " the great leap fimine causes eating people, you and I will be writtten on history books", which trigger Mao to initiate the revolution, with a purpose to get rid off Liu and his supports, Professor Michael and Roderick put it that Mao want Chinese avoid the Soviet Unions revisionary and cultural revolution is the last effort Mao perpetuate Chinese essence in mordern world. The first clearly an utterly nonsence, for Mao almost know nothing about US constitutional government, nor he understand the rule of law or democratic spirits. the second might be the last thought of Mao's purpose for CR. the third empesise on Mao for revenge Liu as his political enemy then took whole China as his hostage, might too simple to convincing. the fourth, only mention one purpose of Mao as so called prevent restore revisionary. Mao arguement is that the true motivation of Mao to launch the cultural revolution is that Mao believe that he is teh greatest Marxism and teacher of the world for developing country, which promote him to launch the cultural revolution. It is the dilution to create something unique and great, made him out of mind. the reason is Mao lack sound logical thinking power, while Mao has hot peomtic creazy which seduce him lost in his own imagination. Revange or transfer power to Jiang is one result rather than the cause, not the original purpose. Constitutional governement is simply nonsense, prevent revisionary and best effert to perpetuade Chinese essence, not necessary Mao basically is an ignorant person, he has no ideas what is socialism or communism, nor capitalism or revisionalism. so the continueing revolution under the condition of proletariat dictatorship, bring China run into communist first, become the greatest teacher of modern Marxism is his purpose, this is why Mao put so heavy emphase on Cultural revolution(451)

Mao first choose Liu Shaoqi as his successor for Liu help him defeat Mr. Wangming in July 1945, to down with Liu, Mao used Lin Biao because Lin control army force, as exchange, Mao permitted Lin to revenged his personal enemy within the CCP such as Lou Reiqing, Xiao Xiangrong, and become the second successor. After get rid off Liu, Lin become another target should be abondent. Mao seems allow Zhou Enlai to be his third successor, but soon Mao choose Deng Xiaoping to balance Zhou's power, and choose Wang Hongwen at least for a while, Mao might thought he created a true people's country, for Mao become the extremely lefiest, promote peasants, workers, military officers and rebelious to state leaders. When Mao distrusted Deng again, he choose Hua Guofeng instead of Zhang Chunqiao, or Jiangqing only before the last few month of his death. Mao instuct him to leave teh power to Jinagqing, Mao Yenxin, Zhang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyan and Wang Hongwen,the game of four; therefore, Mao seems changed in his last few years choose of successor.

the target of Mao is Liu, but Mao first attacted Lou Ruiqing, Pengzheng,Lu Dingyi, Yang Shangkun, while Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi,Lin Biao all charged Peng, Lou, Lu, and Yang one after another as if they believe they are enemy, all betray their old friends, and close ally, without mercy for self-protection, revealed the evil nature of the CCP's politics.


Mao remained well informed throughout and was well aware of what had been happening in his absence(78). In the spring 1965, Lou Ruiqing has remark to Lin Biao" I know that Chairman Mao you you hate most of all is when you are not being kept informed."





Ideology play much more important role to initiate the cultural revolution, and such ideoloty have magic power to drive those in power to mad, extend to believe they are real communist. Mao said that " a clean sheet of paper has no blotches, and so the newest and most beautiful pictures can be painted on it." In some sense, Mao did has such dilusion for create a new communist seciety and become the great teacher for the world labour class. cult of personality developed by Mao, today copy by Xi.


Rederich and Michael have strong critical thinking power, to demostrate the truth, which use excellent communicate write skills to express their wonderful analysis and comment capacity. However, this is not a perfect books which still have s number of faults, for example, not mention even Human Dao county, Shaoyang county masercare, Guangxi eating class enemy or Beijing April 5 incident in detail or convicing date. still are lots important facts not content in the work.




 楼主| 发表于 3/8/2016 15:35:18 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 郭国汀 于 3/20/2016 14:09 编辑

Mao called for a revolution in the cultural field in 1964, a senior party cadres of group of five to carry out his wishes(Macfarquhar 15).Mao had always taken a close interest in class struggle in the cultural sphere(17). Mao dwas keeping his colleagues in the dark about what he was trying to achieve.(81)


Mao in July 22, 1966 said that "who suppresses student movements? only the northern warlords did! ...those who suppress the student movement will come to no good end." ( Long live of Mao thought 1960-1967, p. 126)


a great revolution that touches people to their very souls (16 points ), bourgeoisie used the old ideas, culture, customs and habits of the exploiting classes to corrupt the masses, the proletariat must change th e mental outlook of the whole of society. our objective is to stuggle against and overthrow those persons in authority who are taking the capitalist road, to criticize and repudiate the reactionary bourgeois academic authorities and the ideology of the bourgeoisie and all other exploiting classes and to transform education, literature, and art and all other parts of the superstructre onot in correspondence with the socialist economic base, so as to facilitate teh consolidtion and development of the socialist system. (Decision of the CCP CC concerning the great proletarian cultural revolution. )


"we must firmly implement the chairmans instructions, whether we understadn them or not, we must believe in the chariman's innate genius, in his wisdom, and in his intelligence, always, ask hi for instructions and then act accordingly, never interfering in big matters or bothering him with trifles "Ling Biao in 1966 'raise high of Mao great thought red flag'.


the CCRG meetings all were chaired and set the agenda by Zhou Enlai, not by CHen Boda or Jiang Qing.(101) various of his remarks indicate that Mao craved a measure of catalytic terror to jump start the cultural revolution. Mao had no scruples about the taking of human life.(102) Mao in a conversation with trusties later in the CR, Mao suggest tht the sign of a true revolutionary was precisely his intense desire to kill: " this man Hitler was even more ferocious. the more ferocious the better, donot you think? the more people you kill, the more revolutionary you are." (102;  seen by author from a very reliable sourse)

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 楼主| 发表于 3/20/2016 14:22:06 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 郭国汀 于 3/20/2016 14:51 编辑

"Beijing is too civilized!" Mao declared at a post plenum work conference of central leaders. "I would say there is not a great deal of disorder...and that the numer of hooligans is very small. now is not the time to interfere." (long live of Mao thought p. 269 )

Mao show his support of June 18 incident as was "not a counterrevolutionary incident, but a revolutionary incident". ( long live of Mao thought p. 262) a red terror spread through the capital. 103

on 7 May 1966, Mao in a letter to Lin Biao "there must be a revolution in education, as the phenomenon of bourgeoiis intellectals rulng our schools can no longer be tolerated."

the world is yours, as well as ours, but in the last analysis, it is yours. you young people, full of vigor and vitality, are in the bloom of life, like the sun at eight or nine in the morning. our hope is placed on you...the world belongs to you. China's future belongs to you. Mao in fact utterly riun several generations young students career and life, more than 16 million students were forced into countryside as labor reformer.


Lin Biao 1n december 1966,in a speech call on young audience to energetically destroy all the "old ideas, old culture, old customs,and old habits. i fthe exploiting classes. " at the second rally, Lin showered praise on those red guards who during teh past two weeks had taken to the streets to sweep away the four olds. Zhou Enlai concurred fully, to salute tothe heroism shown by little red guard generals who destroy the four olds, and forster the four news. 114,


a Shanghai 26 years old teacher wrote on the evening of the rally on September 15, 1966, after he had seen Mao in person:" I have decideddto count today as my birthday. On this day,I began a new Life"! He committe suicide on October 2 after being savagely beaten and brutalized by some of his students. Mao had no sympathy:" people who try to commit suicide do not attempt to save them!... China is such a populous nation, it is not as if we annot do without a few people." 王力:历史将宣告我无罪,手稿,北京1993年第7页。







 楼主| 发表于 3/20/2016 15:22:51 | 显示全部楼层
red terror. in august and september, the homes of 33695 families in Beijing were looted by rad guards or people claiming to be rad guards. confiscated 103000 liang ( about 5.7 tons) of gold, 345,200 liang of silver, 55,459,900 yuan in cash, and 613,600 antique or jade pieces. In shanghai, 8422 homes of bourgeois families were lotted between august 23 and september 8; 1231 were the homes of intellectuals or teacher. in addition to large quantities of gold and jewelry, 3.34 million in US dollars, 3.3 million yuan in other foreign currency, 2.4 million pre-communist silver dollars, and 370 million uan in cash and bonds. In October 1966, the confiscation by red guards all over China of a total of 1,188,000 liang ( about 65 tons) of gold was praised as teh confiscation of the illgotten wealth of the exploiting classes". (117)  4922 of the 6843 officially designated places of cultural or historial interes in Beijing had been destroyed. 118.


when Zhou tried to follow up by issuing a nationwide directive down to county and regimental levels, listing a wide variety of protectd establishment, Mao vetoed the document. 119. in early september Zhou tried again, the old cadres supportd him, the cultural revolutionaries did not, and so Zhou dropped the idea.


in November 1966, around 200 teachers and students from Beijing Normal University led by one Tan Houlan, descended on Qufu and announced their intention to "thououghly demolish the Confucius family shop. before leaving Beijing, Tan and her comrades had been in touch with the CCRG. Chen Boda had decreed that it was all rights to dig up and level the grave of Confucius, but he cautioned against setting the Confucius Temple and its contents on fire. during four weeks, they managed to destroy 6618 registered cultureal artifacts, including 929 paintings, more than 2700 books, 1000 stone steles, and 2000 graves. 119  on august 27, red guards from three shangdong middle schools destroyed the grave of the cultural hero Wu Xun. exhumed his corpse, walked with it to a nearby public square, held a mass sentencing rally, and finally broke it into pieces and burned it. On Hainan island, the grave of Hai Rui, was also destroyed.


public libraries suffered considerably from the destructive activities of red guards in the autumn of 1966. the loss of books during that relatively brief flurry of activity was small commpared with that caused by the state's cutback in funding and almost totall neglect of libraries after 1966. one thried of CHinas 1100 libraries at or above the county leverl had been closed, and more than 7 million library books hd been lost, stolen, or destroyed in the provinces of Lianing, Jilin, Hena, Jianxi, and Guizhoul alone. 121.


Mao " everything our enemies oppose, we shall support; everything our enemies support, we shall oppose."
 楼主| 发表于 3/21/2016 23:23:27 | 显示全部楼层
In Beijing and elsewhere, the repatriation process involved tacit cooperation between red guards, and the authorities. Chen Yi on august 30: "it is very good to repatriate the 'five black categories,' but the red guards should make contaact with local police stations and not cause the deaths of the people they repatriate."(122) at lower levels , repatriation was more actively supported by party activists, police, and residential committees, whith lists of landlord element, rich peasant , reactionary, hooligan, or rightiest. while red five are : worker, poor peasants, soldiers, revolutionary cadres, martyrs, relatives.  between august 18and september 15, some 77000 residents of Beijing, were ejected from the capital. some 30000 were merely the spouses or children of monsters and freaks. In China as a whole, some 397000 urban monsters and freaks were forced to return to their ancestral villages. (123) a life and death struggle!


on april 10, 1967, with the full cooperation of the central authorities and logistical spport from the Beijing PLA Garrison, Kuai Dafus organized a huge rally, Wang Guangmei and 300 so called revisionists and capitalist roaders were publicly humiliated. In elementary schools alone in Beijing's six suburban districts, 994 persons had been beaten and struggled between June 1 and 25, 1966. But only after Mao announced that "to rebel is justified" that the red terro really began.In August adn September, 1772 people were murdered in Beijing. In Shanghai in September there were 704 suicides and 534 deaths related to the Cultrual revolution. In Wuhan during this period there were 32 murders and 62 suicide. (124)


widespread mob violence of the autumn of 1966 become possible was central document Zhongfa (1966)410; Mao ratified it, which titled " mobilizing the police to suppress the student movement is strictly prohibited: police, must stay out of the schools. not arrest anyone in the course of the movement... Xie Fuzhi at a meeting of police office in Beijing explain that, do not give them orders. donot say it is wrong of them to beat up bad persons: if in anger they beat someone to death, then so be it. if we say it's wrong, then we'll be supporting bad persons. after all, bad persons are bad, so if they're beaten to death it is no big deal. (125) police should be on the side of the red guards, provide them with information about waht the five kinds of elements are doing.  on August 13, at workers stadium 70000 wateched the dozen "hooligans" being beaten up , Mao on 18 August told Ms.Song Binbin that " be martial". red guards began organizing their own mass meetings to denounce and struggle the black gang.  in Beijing western district alone, within two weeks, the violence left close to one hundred teachers, school officials, and educational cadres dead. (126) injured was too large to be calculated. On August 31 Daxing county occurred worst killing black five, the killers included local militianmen and activists.


in every one of 85 elite colleges, middel schools, and elementary schools, throughout of China, teachers were tortured by students. at 12 of them, a teacher was beaten to death; at one school, two teachers were murdered. Beijing No. 6 middle school, red guards turned the music classroom into a jail. on the wall wrote: long live red terror!.
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