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儒学中国传统文化漫谈/郭国汀

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发表于 2/17/2017 16:06:34 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
儒学中国传统文化漫谈/郭国汀


“五四运动”打倒孔家店後不久,国民党政权开始尊孔。毛泽东“批林批孔”後,今日共产党也开始尊孔。在中国这块土地上,要打倒孔老夫子看来很难,因为中国老百姓身上有孔老夫子“儒家”的“基因”。在中国,“打倒孔家店”是不行的,但应当“打扫孔家店”。孔老夫子说“己所不欲,勿施与人”,是“人同此心,心同此理” ,就是“普世价值”。 孔老夫子有两重性。孔老夫子的人际关系思想深入中国人人心,如果与法治相结合,确实是中国走向高度民主、高度文明的基础。但孔老夫子“仁政”和“明君贤臣”一套,又是维护中国专制统治的思想基础。-严家祺-


孔子生于公元前550年的春秋战国前期,周天子王权衰落,各诸侯国权势坐大,各路英雄豪杰争霸中原,以致战乱不已民不聊生。臣弑君,子弑父,为争夺王权父子兄弟相残屡见不鲜,一切均为权力。当时的中国,大众仍处于原始迷信恐惧愚昧无知状态,当权者则迷信梦的预言,认为人死灵魂不灭,故流行用活人做牺牲或陪葬。。。孔子正是在此种时代背景下,著春秋,释易,阐道杨德,他之所以谋取官职旨在改造社会造福人类,总体上言孔子一生的仕途并不成功,故晚年转而致力于教育事业,三千弟子,七十二门徒。提倡克已复礼归仁,他深知唯有恢复重建道德仁政方能救国抚民。他明知追求品德往往得不到物质实利,因此他警告弟子:求德需准备经常承受贫穷和逆境;追求物质利益往往与求德相冲突;“君子喻于义,小人喻于利”;君子不惧安危,不贪图安逸,应当追求更高层次的精神心灵。因此,孔子的思想决不亚于任何同期及稍后的西方先哲苏格拉底,伯拉图,亚里士多德。


孔孟毫无疑问是吾国最伟大的古圣先贤。他们的精神是中华民族取之不尽用之不绝的力量源泉.可惜我直至大学毕业后才有幸一阅<论语><大学><孟子><中庸>等经典。孔子的有教无类的伟大教育思想,要比所谓成份论不知高明几千倍。仁之含义实质就是爱,而世界的本质正是爱.此种爱博大精深,无边无际.美国人如果读懂了孔子也就不会有911悲剧,也不会认为武力可以解决一切人类争端.而用孔子精神确实可以解决大问题.孟子的大丈夫英雄气慨,浩然正气直冲云霄.历代统治者捧孔子但并未真正实现孔子精神,有学者主张,大多情况下仅是装点门面,实际运用的是韩非子的法家学说,以及黄老的厚黑学.这或许是人们认为政治黑的原因之一.吾以为相当有道理.


真正的政治不一定非得靠厚黑学,政治学本身是一门科学.西方政治学有其良好的传统,自古希腊之亚里士多德之<政治学>至洛克<政府论>以及众多现代政治经济学著作,诸如斯诺沙<神学政治论>,尔赫<自然政治论>等早已将政治完善为一门可操作的实用政治体制.我国在政治制度建设方面理当借鉴参考.政治体制改革势在必行,而不能无期限拖延,否则可能是死路一条.就此打住,外行论政肯定不着边际.还是留给专家们去讨论吧.2003年1月10日


什么是儒家精神,必须精读原著,而非听从某个所谓名人的评价。我在中国上大学四年,所有的课程从未完整读过一篇原著;在加拿大重读第二学位,几乎一半以上课程均涉及精读原著。四书五经,国人必须反复精读。才能真正了解和撑握中华文化的精髓。


满清乾隆时代(1800年前后)中国GDP占全球39%位居第一,当年印度GDP 占全世界约17% 位居第二。中共暴政下,0。4%的中国人(主要是太子党及奸商)占有全中国财富的70%(美国目前1%最富有的人约占有美国财富的30%,十年前仅占有约20%);中共暴政是个超级骗子匪邦犯罪集团,而骗子的吹嘘欺骗宣传岂能相信?如果你想了解中共暴政的本质与真相,请先认真一阅吾批判中共暴政的系列评论,欢迎阁下提出任何批驳意见。


在某种意义上,吾可称做理性文化基督徒,汝则是个愚蠢的中式迷信基督徒。汝以彻底否定中国传统文化文明彻底贬损吾国最优秀的先哲为前提,吾持必须在尊重前贤,发杨光大正宗中华传统文化文明的基础上,广泛吸收学习西方文化文明任何值得学习借鉴的价值,恢复和重建新中华文化文明立场。


战败国的牺牲往往惨不堪言,西方列强殖民美洲大陆及亚非拉整个历史期间,犯下过无数重大杀人罪责,仅仅因为“胜者为王败者寇”,许多真相未被彻底披露而已。因为“知识就是力量!”,但权力造就知识!把握话语权者随心所欲编造串改伪造历史的事实史不绝书,无论东西方皆然,仅是共产暴政远比正常的社会野蛮残暴下流无耻而已。


1937年7月日本全面侵华,彻底封锁中国沿海对外交通,导致政府财政陷于困境,中国政府于1941年12月8日电请罗斯福总统援助,美国政府冷漠地拒绝,直到珍珠港事变后,中国是美国予军事援助的最后一个国家,美国政府决定援助中国二亿五千万美元黄金旨在稳定中国经济,而美国国务院财政部负责援助中国事务的副部长怀特(Harry Dexter White)是个苏联间谍,他拖了两年半期间,仅实际汇给中国政府二千七百万美元!1945年美国国会决议予中国第二笔贷款五亿美元,怀特竭力确保分文不付!最终导致中国经济破产。国民政府之所以失败的重大原因之一正是财政破产!


我是中国人,也是真正的孔孟及中国传统文化文明的继承者捍卫者。我认为文化需要改良进化,不需要革命,更不应当毁灭本民族的传统文化。西方文化当然值得学习借鉴,但必须是保留发杨光大的基础上,学习一切人类文化文明成果。任何以毁灭中国传统文化为前提的主张,皆是混蛋透项糊涂致极的谬论,甚至很可能是中共流氓的旨意。因为共产党才主张与一切传统文化,观念,宗教,习惯做最彻底的决裂(马恩之共产党宣言的主旨).一批伪基督徒极力反中国传统文化传统文明,实质是帮助中共暴政苟延残喘,转移国人对中共流氓暴政的注意力。它们实质上是中共暴政的帮凶!


1946年至2008年期间按政治学标准被全世界划归独裁政权的国家有136个,但其专制程度大不相同。其中近70%有选举产生的立法机构;约一半存在反对党,约36%反对党被选举进入立法机构拥有席位。中共暴政下既不存在反对党(八个花瓶“民主党”实质仅是共产党的外围组织,用于欺骗民众),也没有真实选举产生的立法机构,当然更不可能有反对党选举进入立法机构的任何可能。因此,中共极权专制暴政实质上是全世界所有独裁政权中最恶劣的专制流氓暴政!


自由民主并非基督教的产物,人类最早的民主制源自古代希腊公元前509年,基督教五百年后才问世。主要原因之一是当时失势的贵族为争夺政权与平民合作妥协,加之雅典是当时最繁华的国际商业大都市,体力劳动全部由奴隶承担,故自由公民有时间从事政治活动。大国或多民族国情复杂的国家,在18世纪政治思想家提出代议制民主理论问世以前,根本不可能在任何地方生存。 事实上,伯拉图,亚里士多德均明确反对民主制,主张君主制或贵族制,与孔子完全一样。即便主张大众民主的芦梭同样承认:民主制仅适宜小国或国情简单的城市国家。因此,以今天的标准要求吾国2500年前的先哲实行民主制未免太离谱!中共搞得所谓孔子学院其目的在于抢夺中国道统正统合法性资源。历史上中共一贯反孔灭孔,如今不过是由于中共暴政业已彻底丧失一切合法性资源后,妄想借孔子之名行抢资源之实的伪作。真正尊孔的中国人绝对不会甘愿做共产暴政的奴隶!你是个文化历史二百五?孔子是二千五百年前的先哲,汝居然以今天的标准衡量之!


“反儒即反华”!东海兄如是说,至少在某种意义上确实如此。反孔是毛泽东的拿手好戏,1919年的五四运动及新文化运动其实有共产党操控的影子;1971年毛发起批林批孔运动,于是“贫下中农上讲台批判孔老夫子”成为全中国各中小学的普遍现象,当年我在长汀县东风小学就读四年级,对此记忆犹新。文革期间,北京市红卫兵奉中央文革指令专程组织大批无知的青年学生赴山东曲阜孔子家乡毁了孔林。然而我在中国的全部学生期间,包括大学四年却从未读过任何一篇孔子原著。直至大学毕业后于1985年我才买来四书五经,论语,中庸,大学,易经,道德经等中国古典并通读之,此时才发现自已受骗上当,对中国传统经典的极度无知。由我个人的经验可知:绝大多数中国人实质上终其一生从未精读过四书五经!然而,海内外一批实质上对四书五经几乎一无所知的伪基督徒及假洋鬼子却犹如那些狗屁不通的“贫下中农”在中小学课堂上批判孔夫子一样狂吠:“孔子是罪人!”1995年《律师与法制》发起民意测验:谁是汝最敬佩的人?绝大多数中国律师答:崇拜毛泽东或邓小平!吾乃唯一崇拜(实质是敬佩)孔子的中国律师!
西方学术绝对自由是西方最终超越东方文明的真正秘密。中国人不愿做深入细致的研究,往往乐于人云亦云,将某个名人的意见当做真理,致越来越离谱。


YU TANG是个不懂装懂的典型,其人对中国古典可谓一窍不通却冒充权威乱下定论。此种中式基督徒,成事不足败事有余!汝之"我反对你推销没有生命, 没有公义,虚伪, 缺乏爱, 迷惑人, 奴役人,不知圣洁为何的腐朽文化"之论纯属胡说八道!中国文化文明棉延数千年进化迄今仍有无限生命力,更有无限发展潜能。中国文化应当全球所有文化中生命力最强的之一。汝对世界文明史几乎无知。尽管我也相当无知,但肯定比汝等略知一二。


若你真想展开辩论,请上天易网为之,此处根本无法展开。我接触的西方基督徒皆十二分尊重我的中国文化观,唯有汝等“中式基督徒“才有汝等形同汉奸的文化观。我与汝的根本区别在于:汝等伪基督徒欲彻底毁灭中国文化甚至中国历史中国人,我则坚持中国文化必须采取开放兼容并包海纳百川的进化改良立场,在学习采纳吸取人类社会一切文明文化成果的基础上,发展成现代中国新文化。
YU TANG: “中国人的应然道德在书本上, 实然道德基本上是没有道德。 而提倡“国学”的人常常都是将书上的好听的拿来装扮修饰现实的丑恶。民智未开, 所谓儒家的“知识分子”, 连这么基本的事实也分不清---他们自己就是智力未开, 心智混乱的。那些中国书本上的东西明明从来就没有行出来过,也行不出来(因为宇宙观人生观是错乱的!),还 总拿书本上那些好听的来迷惑人, 好告诉大家西方的好东西我祖上早就有了! 阿Q正传⑴”


“浅薄,狭隘,狡诈和过度敏感”套在阁下头上再合适不过!从汝推介一系列小骂大帮忙的所谓反共人士,可以推论汝乃它们的同路人。而真正的反共志士仁人汝一个也不曾推崇。物以类聚,人以群分,难怪汝等如此一致,刘晓波极力主张中国三百年殖民说,陈凯斯底里疯狂彻底诋毁反中国文化文明,仅是表面反共之流在我看来纯属满口道德满肚子男盗女娼之徒,汝等实质上只能起到帮助流氓暴政苟延残喘的作用!孔孟儒释道深入国人骨髓,岂是汝等半桶水文人所能打倒的!中共流氓专制暴政与孔孟儒释道诸子百家何干?!马列毛强盗流氓理论才是导致当代亿万国人惨遭流氓犯罪集团64载反复强暴蹂躏的总根源!


汝与刘晓波,袁伟时之流同流合污,当然不可能有清醒的头脑!刘要西方列强殖民中国三百年,足以证明刘之博士纯属胡混来的!因为刘对罪恶深重的西方殖民史一无所知!袁伟时属对中共小骂大帮忙的伪学者,这是我的初步结论。吾对东海兄,包括刘晓波,袁伟时之流一视同仁,他们对的吾赞赏,错者吾批判之。吾批评东海兄的文论多着呢,但吾坚决肯定东海兄的儒学研究的价值。若中国人中真有劣等货,那么汝不但劣等,而且是劣等中的极品!汝乃欺宗背祖之人渣!张国堂先生在某些重大原则性问题上存在若干致命伤,诸如假冒耶稣再世,自封上帝,肯定邓小平六四屠城无罪,胡锦涛屠杀西藏民众无罪之类皆属谬论。但他在有关儒学与基督教的主张确基本正确。正确的论点,当然值得推荐。


凡是彻底否定疯狂诋毁中国传统文化文明之徒纯属伪基督徒!南郭虽不敏,但自信对西方文化文明的历史与本质多少略知一二,致少不会亚于汝等汉奸型伪基督徒。吾历来客观公正批评中国传统文化文明中的谬误与缺陷。不首先彻底终结中共专制流氓暴政,国人的深重苦难绝对不止!汝等不去对付头号人民公敌,却反复恶意诋毁中国人最值得骄傲自豪的先知圣人,不是政治白痴,难道还是政治美人不成?!


鉴于一大批半桶水文人及对中华文明近乎无知的“中国基督徒”长期以来疯狂诋毁中国传统文化文明,他们将中共极权专制暴政的罪孽不假思索地归因于中国文化,却不见其揭批真正的罪魁祸首流氓中共暴政,或对中共仅是小骂大帮忙。因此,南郭不得不回敬之.凡是彻底否定诋毁中国传统文化文明之徒,无论是共产党还是所谓基督徒,要么是极度无知的政治流氓,要么是政治白痴!绝无例外!


吾决非上海人,无论是新上海人还是旧上海人,余乃正宗福建汀洲之客家人,祖先为中唐名将相郭子仪,大约二十一世之前由山西芬阳展转迁徙至福建龙岩,我生于汀洲长于汀洲直至22岁考入吉林大学法律系才北上吉林长春,是汀洲的山山水水养育我成长,是客家精神成为我的人生准则。真诚,正直,正义,勇敢,冒险等客家精神溶化于吾之血液与灵魂。因此,吾不以出身于穷乡僻壤为耻,而以身为福建客家人为骄傲!福建客家人的教育水准在全中国决不亚于任何其他省市,福建人的聪明才智并不亚于任何其他省市,当然福建人的革命进取精神同样一流。1994年有人说“郭律师是吉林大学的骄傲!”1999年有人称“郭国汀是闽西人的骄傲!“ 2002年有人赞”郭律师是福建人的骄傲!“而2005年当我被中共暴政非法软禁后汀洲才有人认为”郭律师是长汀人的骄傲!吾自以为 “郭律师是中国人的骄傲!”


辜鸿铭老先生有句名言:“要懂得真正的中国人和中国文明,那个人必须是深沉的,博大的和纯朴的。因爲中国人性格和中国文明的四大特征,正是深沉、博大、纯朴和灵敏。”南郭正是真正的中国人!南郭唯真理是从,以事实和证据和逻辑论证吾之论点。决不认同任何所谓权威或神棍的胡说八道。对汝此种欺宗悖祖的伪基督徒,吾定将汝之三角裤披露在光天化之下!汝实质在帮助中共暴政,这就是汝疯狂诋毁孔子,儒学的根本原因。反传统价值是马克思和恩格斯的主旨之一,也是中共暴政一以贯之的胡作非为。汝与之一脉相承。


绝对的权力导致腐败,不受任何有效力量制约的权力必然导致绝对腐败绝对残暴,这是现实政治的铁律。罪犯必须受到正义追究,由杀人抢劫强奸犯充任法官主持正义的话,其正义的含金量等于零。若国人寄期望一个迄今实行党禁报禁言禁网禁在历史上与现实中不断犯下滔天大罪的流氓暴政主导所谓政治体制改革,南郭断言国人注定只能收获绝望。各位有心人应当注意习氏重用什么人?只要贺卫方,刘军宁,沈良庆诸位法界德高望重之士不被习氏重用,只要习氏不立即无条件释放一切政治思想犯,信仰犯,不开放党禁报禁网禁,各位不必信任习氏该做什么做什么!王藏精神与策略可以真正救中国!民运应当有组织有计划地发起接力坐牢社会运动。南郭愿意成为坐牢大军中的一员投身于彻底终结中共极权专制流氓暴政的人类历史上最伟大的自由正义之战!


利马窦尊重中国传统文化入乡随俗最终甚至说服了中国皇家接受基督教,而罗马教皇却因否定中国人的先哲孔子,导致皇帝下令禁止天主教在中国传教长达近百年。汝知道利马窦吗?他是个富有智慧的传教士,而当时的罗马教皇则是个愚蠢的教皇,汝比该愚蠢的教皇有过之无不及!汝之狂妄自大,恶贬中国人的先贤先哲,恶诋中国传统文化文明,实质上是在帮助中共流氓暴政汝懂否?!


19世纪西方堀起超越东方(中华文明)的基础/郭国汀


古希腊和古罗马及古代中国的思想家们及所有的宗教改革家均怀疑商业活动。亚里士多德谴责“商业贸易与人类德行不符,是不自然且没有必要的”,他主张应当清除所有的商人,工匠,或任何其他类似的人出奥哥拉(Ogora),非经市政府同意不得进入。 他还认为交换只应在双方有社会关系约束的人士之间进行,而且应等价交换。希腊劳工是奴隶为之,商业是非公民为之,即使公民投资土地,也仅是为了身份,而非为使利润最大化。古罗马人的态度与亚里士多德相似。康斯坦汀大帝颁布过一项法令称“最低贱的商人,高利贷者”;Plutach认为“所有致力于日常生活所需和实践的活动均不是高贵的而是贱的”。西赛罗宣称“工艺与高贵无关”。 孔子、孟子均不言商不求利,子曰:“君子喻于义,小人喻于利”;故儒家耻于言利益,在儒家思想一统天下的中国二千年君主专制体制下,甚至一直没有商法和民法;自古以来中国文人始终瞧不起商人更鄙视高利贷者。中国在1018年生铁年产量已达35000吨,但到11世纪末生铁的生产停滞,冶铁炉荒废。因为私人生产者搛钱太多变得非常富有,因而危及儒教价值和社会稳定,儒教只允许精英致富,皇帝因而下令对铁的生产实行国家专营,没收一切私营工厂 ;穆斯林迄今保持原教旨同样不言利。1571年欧洲人击败奥斯曼舰队,水兵洗劫了土耳其旗舰后发现船上藏匿着巨额土耳其金币,旗舰司令Ali Pasha是皇家亲戚,在其他几艘穆斯林海军将领的舰船上同样发现数额巨大的金币。因为没有银行制度,又担心国家没收私人财产,故这些将军们将他们的财富藏匿在船上。 宗教改革家马汀路德更喜欢农业生活。 其他学者则认为资本主义源于各种不同的政治环境;但深入研究显示不仅资本主义,而且西方的堀起之真正的基础乃是对理性的超常信仰。


中国科技落后是在明朝中叶以后的事,此前中国科技长期领先于世界。西欧始自意大利佛罗伦萨及威尼斯的文艺复兴运动和随后的宗教改革,启蒙运动,到19世纪实开始了工业革命,并在1800年前后一举全面超越中国。吾以为中国近现代之所以落后的根本原因在于当权者奉行对外闭关锁国实行海禁,对内实行思想言论压制政策所致,加之元朝和清朝两度惨遭野蛮民族入侵征服,中断了中华文明的进程,使中华文明严重倒退。文明并非总是能战胜野蛮,但最终文明必定战胜野蛮。中共暴政不过是野蛮战胜文明的一段历史倒退期间而已。




曾节明: “儒家文化是人类的垃圾。它开了奴才、伪善、虚假和言行分裂的先河。中国至今仍然处在极权之下,是儒家垃圾文化和马列暴力邪说淫乱的结果。可是一些所谓的文 人对“独尊儒术”后,中国进入2千年的中世纪视而不见,还说什么“儒学”是“人学”。是谁敲断了中国人的脊梁?是孔丘。天因生仲尼,万古如长夜。”


郭国汀:节明此文有些论点是正确的,多数则是明显错误的。儒家文化有缺陷是事实,但并非中国人残忍的根据,世界各国各种族的人基本上是一样的:残忍,邪恶,贪婪, 妒忌。。。等劣根性并非中国人独有,而是人类社会的普遍现象,只不过部分中国人特别突出,但这并非人性本身的原因,而是政治制度的差异造成的。。道德伦理规范的缺陷,很可能是造成中国人如此现状的根本原因;近现代中国人的腐败坠落之责,决非儒家之罪过,而是近现代中国人自已造成的。当代国人将自已的无能与腐败无能,归罪于两千五百年前最优秀的祖先是否有点太离谱?!西方学界对祖先,传统的尊重,值得国人学习。西方人的批判性思维,创造性思维远比极权专制暴政下的中国人强得多。


曾节明:“福建人民风之贪鄙、恶毒、无赖...简直无以复加。许多福建人参加民运,是纯粹为了骗政庇移民的惺惺作态,普遍是些比共产党干部还要贪鄙的人渣烂货,好些骗得庇护后立即参加亲共侨团活动,若无其事地领取卢布,摇身变为“爱国侨民”。


郭国汀:此论简直胡说八道!节明文章高产可观,特别是政治分析文论大多不错,然而必须指出,节明因出自中国大陆,故不可避免带来中共党文化的病毒,此论表明节明形 式逻辑未学好,滥下明显离谱不可靠的结论。这是我反复强烈建议你尽快入学美国大学深造的根源。因为节明是有巨大潜能的才子,然而如此文此种胡乱下结论的臭毛病非 改不可!节明兄弟因受到部分福清县狡诈农民的欺凌而到处诋毁“福建人”的声誉,这是极不严谨也极不负责的指控。须知福建省至少有三千万人,方言上百种,面积比法国还大,福州人与厦门人,客家人与闽南人,泉州人与普田人,闽北与闽西人。。。千差万别。这些狡诈的福清县农民无论如何不能代表福建省全体农民,更不用说代表福建人!建议你直接指明道姓,指控那些侵害阁下的福清农民,因为即便福清农民,也仅是极少数存在你所指控的现象。节明的许多文论中皆存在类似此种明显逻辑断层的论断,这是一种很坏的文风。


曾节明:“太监制度全世界只有中国才有,而且绵延达两千年以上”;


郭国汀:此论恐怕不确,古代希腊和阿拉伯国家同样有此种恶习;依逻辑推论凡是帝王可以三宫六院后宫无数美女供皇帝一人独享的专制国家,一定有此种恶劣的制度。因为这是保证皇家血统纯洁的必然结果。一夫一妻制是基督教的产物,国王也不例外,因此凡是基督教国家必定不存在此种制度。


胡适院长邀请蒋介石出席,蒋介石就讲话,讲话里批评了“新文化运动”,批评“打倒孔家店”这样的口号,蒋介石讲话以后,胡适发言,第一句话就是“总统您错了”,当面驳斥了蒋介石,所以蒋介石在日记里写,他最不喜欢胡适,而且以后最不愿意见到胡适,但是尽管如此,蒋介石在胡适死的时候,还是对胡适做了一个比较合适的、比较恰当的评价。在此问题上,恰恰证实蒋介石才是真正的伟人,胡适反孔反中华传统文化才真正反错了!


中国客家文化培养教育出来的子弟相当诚实正直忠厚,当然任何文化皆有其弱点与不足,因此需要相互学习交流共同提高。文史哲仅是最基础的部分,政治,社会,经济,心理,生物,人类,宗教各门各科基础越广博,日后 构建的学术大厦越牢固。但那怕是天才,也只能在少数某个或两叁个领域成为专家。


我的上帝观与陈尔晋和雪峰君类似,也与爱因斯坦相似。中式基督徒的误区在于完全背叛祖国。但是无论你们如何崇洋媚外,你们永远是黄皮肤黑头发鼻子小眼睛的“土人”,而不会因为他们不知羞耻为何物背叛祖国和人民变成“洋人”!我虽也崇洋但决不媚外,因为中国人与中国文化决不亚于任何其他人种或文化!


左丘明、司马迁到汉书的父子女三人,都是文章一代的作手(大手笔)。历朝史官,民间修史之命官,同样是大文学家,遂常合家称“文史”。正史就是信史。文章好是一回事,但总之一板一眼,少了一点吸引的花俏,文人开始另辟蹊径。六朝就出现“小说笔记”,以当时的人物掌故记叙事迹,至唐宗大盛,我们概括的称做《历代小说笔记》,就是历史小说的滥觴,算来不是正史的裨官野史,后来进一步发展为历朝演义。《三国演义》就是著名的历史小说。凡有“小说”两字,都必有创作的成分。“历史小说”一词,落点在“小说”两字,因此,除了不妨碍历史的结局,情节是可以附会、虚构的创作。《三国演义》引人入胜,就是创作的成功。就以上述的“演义”来说,伏线的情节,和《赤壁之战》有关的:庞统献计、借东风、蒋干中计、黄盖苦肉计、关羽释曹等这种关键性的情节,在正史都不存在,最多也一语带过,但《演义》所占的章节甚多。可知创作所占的比例,远远超过正史。“欲亡其国,先亡其史”. 历史离开了真实的纪录,就不是历史。例如制造史料专以毁谤为目的,我们称为“谤书”。专制造假伪的史料的,我们称为“秽史”。都不能称历史。历史是真实的经历。中国历史过去设有史官,大数来说还不失为称职的。象太史公司马迁在汉武帝威胁下,还是秉笔直书,结果惨遭“腐刑”(又称“宫刑”)。历朝也有几个皇帝偷看过史书及身的纪录,也不敢说出去和有任何异议。可知道史官一脉相传的风骨。明太祖修元史,广邀当时文史家主修者汪克宽(字德一,祈门人)、赵仿(字子常,休宁人)等,书成,明太祖想留他们任职,都不答应,回到民间讲学。可知以前史学家不会歪曲历史,谄媚征服者。明史一直至康熙中叶,到明郑覆亡以后,才修,应诏修史以张廷玉为首(安徽桐城人),是清代大儒,是一部立论中肯的史书。清史在民国以后,以国家多故,到今天仍没有修,民间虽有,但不能算全正史。中国历朝,要到朝代完结才修,而且都很中肯,和现在的“谤书”“秽史”差得太远了,都是预设立场不忠于历史的宣传品。“欲亡其国,先亡其史”。历史对国家何等重要,歪曲历史的人,或使人看不懂历史文字的人,都是参加亡史、亡国的“先行者”,也是以“杀天下后世”。-许之远--


“四无”是南宋名臣(位至丞相——光宗年代)崔与之(字正子,諡号清献)提出的:“无以嗜色杀身,无以嗜财害命,无以政治杀人,无以学术杀天下后世。”他是广东人。在广东一地以乡贤而入从祀孔庙。我们称他崔菊坡先生。“四无”虽然是个人立身处世的戒条,但在今天以财色杀身的社会,不啻暮鼓晨钟。而政治杀人之戒,如果我们的社会,在上者能遵守,说之不尽的枉死、冤死和许多未经合法审判的滥杀就可以避免,当年草菅人命的某些运动就可以中止。学术杀天下后世更严重,不但杀当代,还杀后人,所有邪说的著作、哲学思想、逻辑思维都是这一项归类。读者清明,自可以判断。崔公真是仁者怀抱了!“四无”属戒条,在今天看来,还有积极的心防作用。另一个“四为”看似“作为”,但其实才是消极的:“为书尤蠧,为月尤云;为花尤风雨;为才子佳人尤命薄。”是张潮说的,他是个菩萨心肠的人。-许之远--




the great idea is the mother of any institution, without idea first, how can political institution born? your guy seems know too little knowledge of the world history and world civilization, and was brain wash by the CCP rogue regime too long, thus, deny all traditional culture and civilization. culture only need evolution, never require revolution, it is the CCP who revolute Chinese culture, in essence totally destroy her.


2500 years ago, whole world sage in Greece is Socrates, in China is Confucius and Lao Zi, and this is why Confucius was praise as the second greatest thinker in the world by some foreigners, in my judgement, Confucius should be number one! because he is original thinker and his many great idea survive more than 2500 years still so influence in the world! you demean him, only prove you are nothing, for you donot recogize the greatest Chinese. whoever deny his parents is inhuman, maybe you are such deny father and mother's guy?


I respect Confucian and admire Chinese culture and civilization even when I was only 26 years old, but I am one of the most honest man in the world! it is the Communist party of China, not the Chinese traditional culture cause the disasters of currant China, you even donot understand such simply truth?!


Yan Weishi is a fake scholar in my eye, for his openly support the rogue CCP regime, he did make a number of speech around China university, to misleading students, demean Sun Wen, Jiang Jieshi and the Republic of China. You support him, either you know nothing about what he said or wrote or yourself is same as him. I never hate any person, even including the CCP senior official, but I really look down upon them! for they are criminals who destroy Chinese traditional cultural, value and civilization, eliminating Chinese future and hope, if let them go on.The CCP allow Professor Yan Weishi make speech openly around universtiy which proved that The CCP support him, as a reward. provide he did not openly praise the CCP regime, I will not critisize him at all.however, he is misleadiong young students which will cause serious too much bad result, this is why should reveal what his true nature and purpose.


Dr. Yu Keping is alleged as the first Chinese politics science PhD, and more twenty university professor, who have extensive influence in the sphere of Chinese university, even Liu Xiaopo, praise him repeatedly. simply because I openly critisize Liu's ridicula praise that fake guy, Liu hate to me death. by the way, I am not so-called Confuciousness for I am not expert in this area at all, but I am a geninue Chinese indeed.since you know nothing of Chinese study, you have no position of judgment at all. those fake scholar dare not critisize the CCP rogue regime but couraged enough to demean the Republic of China!


thanks Liang Qing, my friend, I have never read Mr.Huang Zhongyi's any work or other Chinese philosophers work, for I have no opportunity at all. the argument is I translated from a Japan political science professor's work about the democratization of Tai Wang. 300 hundred years ago, our ancenster had such wonderful ideas, which proved that Chinese are equal with Westerners, we have no reason to look down upon ourselves at all. Current Chinese become so backward is not the faults of our ancenster but ourself, for allowing the evilest rogue CCP regime survive. you are expert in Chinese scholarship and you can do much better if you go on further. although I am not expert in this sphere, basic principle should be right.


you are real too proud and too arrogant of yourself and forget who are you sometimes. that wonderful book about China political institution is not mine, it is professor Guo Shujiang's, which in my opinion is one of the best text works in Western university. I strongly introduce it to all who are concern Chinese politics and future. you seems know very little about history, either Chinese or Western. preserve and maintain develop national culture while learn form all other culture is my standing point, which firmly establish twenty years ago, and this fundemantal principle will never change.


You seems do not understand why the CCP export so-called Confucius institutes to oversea; it is do not means that the CCP adore and respect Confucius now, but only for legitimacy of the state power, because the CCP has lost all legitimacy to rule China. we should never forget the CCP rogue regime has been totally destroying all Chinese traditional culture, civilization, morality and custom. Culture is national first,only base upon native culture, then learn from other cultures that keep life of it. Destroy a nation's culture, means destroy her history then herself.


Lao Zi said that "the Way is the origin of Heaven and earth, is the mother of every thing" which prove the Way is God that create everything. Confucius said that "when you hear the Way in the morning, even die in the evening is well worth" which prove that both sages are not so-called aesthetics at all. traditionally, Chinese adore and thanks for Heaven and earth, adore and thanks the Way, thanks ancestors, in essence same as Westerners adore and thanks God.


it must be the fact, which prove that the CCP regime is a typical rogue criminal regime without any hope though political reform evolving into a liberal constitutional democratic state. Overthrow the evilest CCP regime is the duty of every Chinese!because some Chinese prefer colony, they argue if Japanese defeat the Republic of China, it would be much better for Chinese people! in essence, the Nobel peace award winner Mr.Liu Xiaopo is such ignorant one, this is why I have this short comment.


John Adams observed “that can be no republic without common good, no liberty without a republic, no common good without law, and no just law without a democratic branch in the constitution”. John Adams, Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the USA (London 178-8) III.159-60) cf.Ixij.123.


before 2003, when I was in mainland China, I have no chance to study any true Chinese history or true knowledge at all, so that time, I myself also was misleaded by Yan's about Sun Wen.only after extensive reading a number of leading English works about Sun, Jiang and the real history of the Republic of China, I have more object opinion and judgement. I totally against Yan's strong bias opinion about Sun, Jiang and GMT, from Yan openly justify the evilest criminal CCP rogue regime's fact, he absolutely is a shameless fake scholar. Anyone who ridiculously with strong bias view to demean and try to destroy Chinese traditional culture and civilization, at least in essence help the CCP tyranny instead of their alleged so-called anti-communist party of China, this is common sense. as to Liu I have never say that he support the CCP, but Chen Kai openly declared he want to destroy Chinese and Chinese culture instead of rescue it, which proved that he is a fake anti-CCP regime too. I find that you pro a number such fake guy, then who are you and what purpose of you seems quite clear. anyway, you are welcome to defense of yourself.
key point is who make it? it is the CCP rogue regime, and non of business with Chinese traditional culture, value or civilization! you and those fake Christian hate Chinese culture, to my understand is that you do not know the real Chinese spirit or genuine Chinese at all! I have been proudly announcing that I am a genuine Chinese for years, only those know nothing of Chinese spirit dare to demean it.


You should critisize and debate with him openly, not like this simply judgement. Chang is extremely smart guy, when he is normal, he is one of the most smarter guy, and his logic is powerful, but when he out of mind, unfortunately he seems recently repeatedly fall into such situation, he is ridicule and insane. it seems that he knowledge of bible is much better than most christian...
now I understand why you are so ridicule against Chinese traditional value and civilization. the most important nature for the true scholar is their honest and justice sense, Yan lack these for he pro-the CCP, the evilest rogue regime in the history of world. I did not study his so-called scholarly study, for a simply reason that he has no morality at all, and anyone who are anti-morality, do not deserve even look at, not to say to study it. seems you support he, it is only prove that you are same as him.




I donot means that Sun is perfect man, he make a lots of mistake and even might commit crime sometimes, however, his shortcoming is common nature of human being, and the CCP in essence is criminal group, you can never compare these two at same level. only those fake one will like Yan do such comment on Sun, Jiang and GMT.
it seems that you do not understand why the CCP and its so-called scholar demean Sun in this way. I am not expert on Sun, but I believe my judgement after reading a number of leading research of Sun and Jiang as well as the history of the Republic of China. Yan to my judgement is a typical fake scholar nothing else.




Mr.Tang, I wonder whether you agree with Professor Yan Weishi or not? I firmly believe that he is pro-CCP rogue regime and a fake scholar, at least has no moral in essence and this is why he demean Sun, Jiang, and GMT so much, however, his arguments base on strong bias documents even fake one. I strongly doubt his morality value.
To my best knowledge, Professor Yang Tianshi is a clever scholar who know how to praise the authority to benefit himself, he misleading common Chinese and play a bad role to deceit Chinese, that all.




In 1937, Japan attacked Shanghai, and coupled with the growing Communist insurgency, created a two-front war. China needed help, and sent the following telegram to Roosevelt on December 8, 1941: "To our new common battle, we offer all we are and all we have to stand with you until the Pacific and the world are freed from the curse of brute force and endless perfidy." China's plea was brushed off, and they were the last country to get military aid, which came in the form of a $250 million loan in gold to stabilize their economy. Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, Harry Dexter White, the Soviet spy, was in charge of making sure China got the money, and over a period of 31/2 years, he only sent them $27 million. In 1945, Congress voted a second loan of $500 million, and Dexter made sure they didn't get any of that, which resulted in the collapse of their economy.




mong the 136 dictatorships that existed between 1946 and 2008, nearly 70% had an elected legislature, just under one-half had an opposition party that existed outside the regime front, and 36% had opposition parties housed in an elected legislature (Cheibub, Gandhi, and Vreeland, 2010).


Mr.Chang very intelligent while in some area he is just like your comment, thus human being are very complicate, you can never use a single rule to judge them. so to historical sage, such as Confucius, Menfucius or Laozi, respect and study traditional wisdom is important to any civilization, so do Chinese. You should debate with Mr.Chang if you can, not simply conclude that he is cult, that is very easy but useless.




how can you compare great Chinese civilisation with Black civilisation?! you are really ignorant person indeed!it is the result of the CCP's rogue regime force brain washing and totally destroy Chinese traditional culture and moral, however, you seems never criticize the CCP but denean Chinese traditional culture?!No body ask you come here, my purpose is overthrew the CCP's criminal regime, your end is totally destroy Chinese culture and her great civilization. Even eliminate Chinese as a ethnics! Confucius and Menzi, Laozi and other sages of China are best sons of China.




only those half-bottle water so-called Chinese intelligence who know very little about the history of world civilization, will totally demean Chinese ancient great civilization.I am not atheist at all, since 1984, I firmly believe there is a God who create universal, however, I donot know whether he is the Chinese "Way", or Christian's Jusus, or Islam's Anla, Or Johohua. whether the God is personal one or personality one, speak frankly, I can not sure. but my faith is that human being must obey and respect nature law which is made by the God.


you need study and open you ege and soul, not demean your own motherland, never confuse China with the CCP rogue regime!I totally understand Sun wen, Jiang Jieshi, and respect them, for they deserve all my respect, they are true hero of Chinese nation and will respect by all genuine Chinese forever. I look down upon anyone who openly flatter the CCP regime, no matter how famous they are, no matter how smart they are! frankly speaking, your knowledge of Chinese and western history too.


Gu Hongming know much better of Western and Chinese culture and civilization then you and me, but he is a true scholar and true Chinese, I do not mean like everything of him, what I like absolutely is his his idea of the genuine of Chinese. You are poison by the CCP's fake party culture too deep and you never realize yourself. Human Zhongyi's idea is equal with Locke's why not deserve Chinese admirer? you are ignorant of politics so you can not understand why Yang weishi demean Sun, Jiang and the Republic of China, he is help the CCP build up its so-called legitimacy. for if Sun, Jiang, and the republic of China is illegal or deserve to overthrow, than the CCP's crimes to overthrow the Republic of China with illegal violence, has legitimacy. Since 1993, I already study bible in English and French,how do you know I know nothing about Christian?! I have a rational faith, not superstition one. that is all. you and anyone like you, such as Chen Kui, are help the CCP rogue regime survive in essence, you are really too ignorance of politics.


Tang Yu, I find that you lost you reason now, for you start to denean and curse me? as insene? if it is your true meaning, since this is the first time you do such nasty thing, I could tolerant and forgive you once, but not twice. for respect others is respect yourself. if you have any argument and reason, welcome discuss and debate, but not curse!


the great idea is the mother of any institution, without idea first, how can political institution born? your guy seems know too little knowledge of the world history and world civilization, and was brain wash by the CCP rogue regime too long, thus, deny all traditional culture and civilization. culture only need evolution, never require revolution, it is the CCP who revolute Chinese culture, in essence totally destroy her.




Chinese full of fake Christian but lacking real one, those totally deny Chinese traditional culture so-called Christian, in my eye are only shallow half-bottle one who know little knowledge of civilization of both China and the world.Mr.Huang Jingqiu is a outstanding young writer who has much better academic and critical thinking capability than majority of modern Chinese, I agree with his judgement of Lu Xun, while Liu Xiaopo, Yu Jie, Chen Kai and a number of so-called christian love him so much!It is you who repeatedly praise Lu Xun,and a number fake scholar who support the evilest CCP regime. if there is anyone who is stupid or foolish, I am afraid it is you!


to my understanding, the idealism of the enlightenment is freedom, mainly free from the thought constrained, especially from church, liberate human being's spirit, rely on human being but on any other man made bar. in another word, man become a free man in thinking and creativity, humanitarian become Westerners mainly idea since 18 century. It is after the Renaissance and the reform of church and industrial revolution, the revolution in mankind's mind and spirit.


Liu Xiaobo is fake hero! the real hero are Chen Erji, Yen Hongbing, Yang Tianshui, Changlin, Wei Jingshen, Hu Shigeng, Huang Jingqiu,Shitao, Gao Zhisheng, Guo Qian, Chen Xi, and numberless true freedom fighters, Liu back China before Jun Fouth main reason is that he want to make name for himself and because his poor English make me impossible to have a good career in Western country thus he can not compare those true hero at all! some western only love pay lip service to win name and benefit for themselves, in this sense American is better, but the best one is Chinese, whether in history or in modern. real Chinese are among the greatest and noblest human being!


I will never become a superstitious fake faith believer, who try their best to destroy Chinese culture and her great civilization, I have my own idea of God which is never a personal or personify god, but I do not know exact what he look like or how powerful he is, for that is beyond any human being imagination. true Chinese will open their mind and soul to learn from whole world and respect all other culture, but never try to persecute or destroy other nations great culture. for genuine Chinese are grant in mind, deep in thought, genius in spirit, great in friendship to any nation.


Mr.Liu Xiao Bo to my understand is only a fake freedom fighter, at least for his narrow mind and full of insincere attitude to those who are genuine justice fighters.Mr.Ren Bumei, seems lacking necessary logic capability too, he mistake the communist party's culture to Chinese traditional culture, I serious doubt his judgment and common sense.I suggest you to read Mr.Huang Jingqiu and Dr.Xi pei's on Lu Xun, you and Liu XIaopo etc, all are Lu Xun's student, so you have lost common sense.


politician in essence are same, justice is nothing, but interest control everything, this is human nature. the true justice fighter always meet the most injustice. thus, to judge a person should not only according to what he has said, but what he has done.


Frankly speaking, you know very little Chinese and world history, I am not arrogant but might be one of the modest Chinese. You do not know me, not to say understand me.Professor Chang has been progressing a lots recent years, in 2006 I criticize his comment on FLG, he soon correct his mistake which prove that he can accept reasonable criticize. in fact, last year, in my open letter to Mr. Xi Jiping, I strongly recommend Xi to use a number of true legal scholars, such as He Weifang, Liu Jingning and Chang Qianfang. I agree most of the arguments only few point deserve debate, such as Revolution, his attitude to Confucian basically is same as mine. General speaking, this is a good speech and well worth every Chinese watch.




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