天易网

 找回密码
 注册
楼主: 海外逸士

100 Famous Women in China

[复制链接]
 楼主| 发表于 6/16/2019 07:00:08 | 显示全部楼层
93. Shangguan Yunzhu 上官雲珠 (a famous actress, also Mao's mistress)

Shangguan (double surname) Yunzhu (03/02/1920—11/23/1968) was born in a small town in Jiangsu province. In 1936, she married a painting teacher, a Mr. Zhang, and next year, she went to Shanghai with Zhang. At first she worked in a photo gallery. In 1940, she was admitted into a drama school to learn acting. In 1941, she first appeared on stage in the drama Thunder and was a success.
        She got divorced with Zhang, with whom she had a son. Then she married a graduate from Yale and bore a daughter in 1944 for him. But she divorced him in 1946. She turned to be a film actress and acted in the following films: An Illusion of Paradise, A river of Spring Water flows East, Hope in the World, and Crow and Sparrow, etc.
        After 1949, she worked in Shanghai Film Factory and acted in Early Spring, and Stage Door Johnny, etc. In 1951, she married the manager of Lyceum Theater and bore a son for him. But they divorced in 1952.
        In the fifties, when Mao came to Shanghai, the mayor Ke arranged her to meet Mao in Jinjiang Hotel. It was said by one of her best friends that when Mao received her, Mao was just putting on a sleeping robe. Mao showed her a slip of note paper, saying that since olden time heroes love beauties. He (Mao) was a hero and she (Shangguan) was a beauty. Afterwards she gave her friend this note to keep for her. For several years she became Mao's secret mistress. Whenever Mao came to Shanghai, she would be summoned to see him. She had once been taken to Beijing, to where Mao lived—ZhongNanHai. Then Mao's liking of her faded. He got younger girls.
        During the cultural revolution, she was persecuted by Jiang Qing, Mao's wife, who ordered to organize a special investigating team to deal with her. They wanted her to confess what she did when she was with Mao. She said what she could and refused to say what she could not. So this was not satisfactory and she was tormented. Finally she made suicide by jumping down from a high building at three a.m., on the twenty-third of November in 1968 at the age of forty-eight. It was reported in the official record. But the truth was later known that she was thrown down by the team from the high building. At that time, she was surely confined in a room in that high building as always in such cases. There was someone watching over her.  How could she jump out?
 楼主| 发表于 6/23/2019 06:47:15 | 显示全部楼层
94. Bai Yang 白楊 (international movie award winner)

Bai Yang (04/22/1920—09/18/1996) was born in Peking. In 1931 at the age of eleven, she started to learn acting in a film company. In 1934 she joined a touring troupe. Her career thus began. In 1936, her first film was Crossroads, which brought her popularity. She was even known internationally. The Times in England said that she was the Chinese Greta Garbo.
        During the Anti-Japanese war she was in Chongqing city, the temporary capital of the Chinese government since the capital Nanking city was occupied by the Japanese. She acted in a few films such as Wings of China, etc., and performed some dramas on the stage such as Sunrise, etc. In 1946 after the surrender of Japan, she went to Shanghai and had two famous films made: Eight Thousand Li of Cloud and Moon and A River of Spring Water Flows East.
        After 1949, she worked in Shanghai Film Factory first as actress and then as conductor. She was also the vice director of Arts Committee and vice chairwomen of China Film Association. In 1960s, she acted in several films, one of which was Blessing. For her acting of the heroine in the film, she was conferred the special award of the tenth Karlovy Vary International Film Festival. She also published some books about film acting and skills.
        During the cultural revolution, she was beaten by red guards severely. She was put in prison for five years. In 1971, she ended the dark prison life, but was sent to labor in the countryside. She was redressed in 1977. She wrote an article about her sad experience, which was published in People Daily. In 1980s, she played the role of Soong Qinglin (see above) in a TV serial film like soap opera. She died on the eighteenth of September in 1996 at the age of seventy-six.
 楼主| 发表于 6/30/2019 06:57:35 | 显示全部楼层
95. 紅線女 Hongxiannuu (a famous actress of Canton opera)

Hongxiannu (12/27/1924—12/08/2013) was the nickname of Kuang Jianlian and was born in Canton. Her nickname literally meant “Red thread Woman.” She was a famous actress of Canton opera. When she was eight, she learned to sing Canton opera by following the gramophone records. In 1938, as the Japanese invaders came into China, she went with her mother to Hong Kong via Macao. In spring of 1939, she began to take some assisting parts on the stage like maids. In 1940, she joined the troupe founded by her maternal aunt and got the present nickname. In 1941, she went with the troupe to Shanghai. At the end of that year, the Japanese army occupied Hong Kong. The troupe went to perform in the regions that were still under the control of the Chinese government. She married in 1944 and had two sons and a daughter. The husband was much older than she.
        After the surrender of Japan, she returned to Hong Kong to learn Beijing opera for three years. Afterwards she performed on the stage Madama Butterfly, etc.  In 1946 in Hong Kong, she acted the successful opera Hidden Desire, a full house everyday for a month. Next year this opera was turned into a screenplay and made on a film. At the beginning of 1950, she founded the Red Star Troupe and acted in the Tears of Pearl River. In 1952, the opera Wang Zhaojun (the second beauty, see above) was on. She also tried to turn Shakespeare's plays into Canton operas.
        In 1955, she was divorced, and in the same year, she was invited by Premier Zhou to the mianland, and in 1965, she was invited as a VIP to attend the national ceremony for the seventh anniversary of the establishment of the People's Republic of China. In 1957, she came from Hong Kong to Canton to work for Guangdong Canton Opera Troupe.
        During the cultural revolution, she and her family were persecuted. Half of her hair was shaved, a sign of insult. She was called by the red guards as the Black Thread Woman. In 1967, she was sent to labor on a tea farm. In 1970, Premier Zhou came to Canton for an international conference, and she was allowed to act for the foreign visitors. In 1975, she married a writer. The husband died of cancer ten years later. During his stay in the hospital, she went there almost everyday to look after him.
        Her daughter Hong Hong was also an actress of Canton opera. Disgusting of the tyranny of CPC, in March of 1984 when she went with the troupe to Hong Kong, she disappeared. Half a year later, on the ninth of October, she appeared in Taiwan and held a press conference, saying that she desired freedom and so left the mainland. Afterwards she immigrated to Canada. It was said that she had secretly gone back to see her mother before the mother died of myocardial infarction on the eighth of December in 2013 in Canton.
 楼主| 发表于 7/7/2019 19:17:32 | 显示全部楼层
96. 嚴鳳英 Yan Fengying (a famous actress of Huangmei opera)

Yan Fengying (04/13/1930—04/08/1968) was born in Tong town of Anhui province, where the local opera was Huangmei (literally meaning Yellow Plum) opera. She was the most famous actress of that opera. At the age of ten, she started to learn acting and singing of the opera, and went with the troupe to act some side roles. In 1930s, the troupe entered Anqin, a big city in Anhui province. The opera was so welcomed by the public that they had to play three times a day. But her family did not like her to be an actress of Huangmei opera, and so she had to flee to Nanking city and gave up the acting of the opera.
        During her stay in Nanking city, she had to sing in a public ballroom. At that time in China there were such ballrooms in big cities, where there was a band with female singers to sing to the music. Customers could dance to the music too. There was a dancing floor in the middle. There were also some female dancers, who could dance with male customers for money. The girls did that for a living.
        In 1947, she went to learn Beijing opera, which helped her later in her acting of Huangmei opera. In 1949, Anhui province wanted to develop the Huangmei opera and invited her to come back to Anqin city. In 1952, there was a joint performance of operas in Shanghai. Her acting was widely praised. She was only twenty-two then. In 1954, she had the Huangmei opera Marriage of a Goddess with a Mortal made into a film. It was said that more than one hundred million audience had watched the film.  Then she was known the nation over. Other two films were made, too, Female Consort (1958) and Cowboy & Girl Weaver (1963). Both were welcomed by the public.
        Right at the start of the cultural revolution, she was persecuted and committed suicide at the age of thirty-eight. The authorities accused her of spy and for the reason to search for a radio transmitter, or a spy camera, they had her abdomen opened and her insides taken out. During the cultural revolution many innocent people were accused of spies, and therefore, persecuted without any evidence. They just wanted to have a reason to persecute someone, anyone, they wanted to torture. However, what they found in her belly was more than one hundred sleeping pills. She thus died a tragic death.
 楼主| 发表于 前天 07:27 | 显示全部楼层
97. 張志新 Zhang Zhixin (a member of as well as a victim of CPC)

Zhang Zhixin (12/05/1930—04/04/1975) was a female member of the Communist Party of China. She was born in a music family. Her father had joined the revolutionary army against Qing dynasty. She learned Russian and worked as a translator. On the National Day of 1955, she got married and in the same year, she joined the Communist Party. Later she had a daughter and a son.
        In the so-called Great Cultural Revolution, she was thrown into prison, though a party member, because she criticized Mao's class-fight theory. At that time, whoever dared to criticize Mao would be a criminal, called Reactionary. As she persisted that she was right in the criticism of Mao's theory, she was sentenced to death. In the prison, she had been repeatedly raped and tortured. Her mouth and tongue was sewed up with iron wires. She was put on her back a heavy burden of 9 kg, and her legs wore heavy fetters. In May of 1970, she was sentenced for death in the local court. But in a higher court of province level, her case was reconsidered. She was thought that she had no action, had only oral criticism, and so her sentence was changed to two years imprisonment, then was changed again to fifteen years. During the long custody, she had shouted “Down with Mao Zetong!” So her verdict was changed for life. At a gathering, she stood up and shouted that Mao Zedong was the cause of wrong action of the party. Then she was changed to death sentence.
        Before she was transported to the execution site, her throat was cut lest she should yell out some words against the Gang of Four to the crowds coming for the sight. When she died, her daughter was twelve and her son was only three.
        On the first of March in 1979, she was redressed and defined as a revolutionary martyr. In August at the second session of the fifth National People's Congress, a cadre of high rank said, “From the wrong case of Zhang Zhixin, we can understand that if there is no socialist democracy and law system, the dictatorship of proletariat will surely become the dictatorship of fascism.” Think she yearned to join CPC and worked for CPC, but as the result, she was killed by CPC.
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册

本版积分规则


站内文章仅为网友提供更多信息,不代表本网站同意其说法或描述,也不构成任何建议。本网站仅为网友提供交流平台,对网友自由上传的文字和图片等,本网站
不为其版权和内容等负责。站内部分内容转载自其它社区、论坛或各种媒体,有些原作者未知。如您认为站内的某些内容属侵权,请及时与我们联络并进行处理。
关于我们|隐私政策|免责条款|版权声明|网站导航|帮助中心
道至大 道天成

小黑屋|手机版|Archiver|联系我们|天易综合网 (Twitter@wolfaxcom)

GMT-5, 7/16/2019 18:26 , Processed in 0.276608 second(s), 11 queries , Gzip On.

Copyright 天易网 network. All Rights Reserved.

© 2009-2015 .

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表