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楼主: 郭国汀

Torture and positive law jurisprudence

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 楼主| 发表于 1/24/2018 22:20:29 | 显示全部楼层
Amnesty International's Annual Report of 1999 provides the following statistics relating to torture and ill-treatment: in the sub-Saharan African region, some thirty-three countries provide evidence of torture or ill-treatment by state operatives, and twenty countries are implicated in deaths attributable to torture, ill-treatment, or negligence through inhuman and degrading prison conditions.[1] In the Middle East and North Africa, at least eighteen countries reveal evidence of torture or ill-treatment, and at least eight countries show evidence of deaths resulting from torture,ill-treatment, or inhuman and degrading prison conditions.[2] In Europe, there were reports of people tortured or ill-treated by state operatives in some thirty-one countries; death in custody is confirmed or suspected in at least six countries.[3] In the Americas, twenty-one countries practice torture or ill-treatment, and deaths attributable to torture or inhuman and degrading prison conditions occurred in at least six countries.[4] In the Asia-Pacific region, at least twenty-two countries report torture or various forms of ill-treatment by state operatives; deaths from ill-treatment or torture are indicated in at least eleven countries.[5] Statistics on torture show that during 1998, no less than 125 countries reportedly tortured people. Furthermore, torture or ill-treatment, lack of medical care, and cruel, inhuman, or degrading prison conditions resulted in deaths in fifty-one countries.[6]

[1] AFRICA 1999: HIGHLIGHTS OF AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL REPORT 1999 COVERING EVENTS FROM JANUARY TO DECEMBER 1998, at http:llwww.amnesty.orglailib/aireport/ar99/afr.htm (1999).

[2] . MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA 1999: HIGHLIGHTS OF AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL REPORT 1999 COVERING EVENTS FROM JANUARY TO DECEMBER 1998, at http:/lwww.amnesty.org/ailib/aireportlar99/ mde.htm (1999).

[3] EUROPE 1999: HIGHLIGHTS OF AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL REPORT 1999 COVERING EVENTS FROM JANUARY TO DECEMBER 1998, at http:llwww.amnesty.org/ailib/aireportlar99/eur.htm (1999).

[4] AMERICAS 1999: HIGHLIGHTS OF AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL REPORT 1999 COVERING EVENTS FROM JANUARY TO DECEMBER 1998, at http://www.amnesty.org/ailiblaireportlar99/amr.htm (1999).

[5] ASIA PACIFIC 1999: HIGHLIGHTS OF AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL REPORT 1999 COVERING EVENTS FROM JANUARY TO DECEMBER 1998, at http:ll/wW.aMnesty.org/ailib/aireport/ar99/asa.htm (1999).

[6] FACTS AND FIGURES ABOUT AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL AND ITS WORK FOR HUMAN RIGHTS, at http:l/www.web.amnesty.org/web/aboutai.nsf (last visited on Dec. 2, 2000).



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