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楼主: 郭国汀

[群策中国] 台湾自由宪政民主之路

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 楼主| 发表于 1/6/2013 02:02:02 | 显示全部楼层
Gandhi states that it is impossible to 'get a rose through planting a noxious weed'.  see Gandhi, M.K. (1997) ed. Anthony J. Parel, Hind Swarraj and other Writings, Cambridge university of Cambridge . p.81.

the trump card for the oppressed is always moral justice.

political maturity means to increase the ability to recognize the world as it is and endure this reality losing your sense of self. (59)

while geniuses tend to be proud and cold-hearten, endures tend to be modest and warm-hearten. geniuses waiver easily and their endurance does not last. many geniuses became as good as dead after they abused their talent. we rerely see the endures falling into evil ways and spending their life as failures. the advantages of endurance are far better than the benefits of genius. God is indeed fair. (59)

author thought that KMT was a semi-Leninist revolutionary party which always took the policy of killing chickens to make monkeys quiet.

the essence of democracy lies in legal opposition, parties that criticize the government party freely, and provide options to voters.(81)

no matter how a vicious a system is, there is always a tiny human element since it is created by human beings. (84)

any one who tries to overthrow a tightly organized system by violence will inevitably need a secret revolutionary organization and this cuts off the revolutionary from the people. (85) as Gandhi says that if  the enemy is strong, then the method of struggle has to be the more open. it is impossible for a secret organization quickly to reorganize a nation that has suffered from unspeakable oppression over a long period. Non-violent and gradual methods of reform are a long one that provide a fair opportunity for ordinary people to participate. (85)

the patriarchal dictatorship established by Jiang Jieshi's family start to shift to a developmental dictatorship. the shift from hard authoritarianism to the soft authoritarianism that come to characterize the party state system under Jiang was not overlooked in Taiwan society. (87)
 楼主| 发表于 1/6/2013 02:23:28 | 显示全部楼层
in tranditional Chinese political culture, if you expressed dislike of the status quo, you would be arrested, imprisoned and executed the universal political culture of dictatorship does not tolerate different opinions so that dictotorial governments change only through bloodshed. at 1990 conference, political prisonals who had been given 10-15 years jail terms set at the same table with the enemy who has sent them to prison, they exchanged their views on the future of democracy in Taiwan. thus begun a pluralistic political culture that is unprecedented in the history of the Han Chinese. (99)

constitutional study under dictatorship inevitably leads to moral retrogression as one ends up justifying the rule of naked violence.(107)

Tainan has become democratic. conflicting parties no longer govern through assassination and terror but fight for control by trying to win us over though elections and debate. (109)

the sovereignty of the people can only be realized after complicated democratic systems and rules, such as universal suffrage, division of power and rule of law, if will be achieved through the accumulation of self-governing ability in civil society over several generations. (109)

grafting varieties of all kind of good things onto one another is the secret of Taiwan's cultural dynamism, and is what makes Taiwanese culture so attractive.(110)

the fact is quite simple that egoism and social sense (brotherhood and love) are not virtues or vices. they are the basic element of human life,without which there would be no history, no development, but either the scattered life of wild beasts or else a herd of tame troglodytes. kill social sense in man, and you will get a savage coany-utan; kill egoism in him, and he will become a tame monkey. slaves have the least egoism of anyone. (111) see Herzen, Alexander (1979) From the Other Shore & The Russian People and Socialism. Oxford, Oxford university press. p.140.

self-control and compromise are the golden rule for avoiding the worst. (112)

Mencius' theory of revolution, argues that it is acceptable for a people to overthrow or even kill a ruler who ignores their needs.


 楼主| 发表于 1/6/2013 02:49:31 | 显示全部楼层
civility provides the base to support human dignity, liberty and human nights from the inside. (139)  love for home district, courage, and an unyielding spirit and responsiblity have been the forms of civility shown by the Taiwanese during very difficult times. (139)  it took three centuries for the idea of civil society to flourish in Britain.(142)

throughout the last 400 years, Taiwan has always been ruled by foreign forces, which arrived armed, by ship. it came into Dutch hoards in 1626-1642. in 1661, a naval fleet led by the half-Japanese trademen Koxinda oust the Dutch. from 17-19 century Taiwan was outside the orbit of the Qing Dynasty. then it became Japanese colony and KMT controlled authoritarian state, which is quasi-Stalinist party state system. (143)

under KMT martial law, merely to study Taiwanese language, history and culture was enough to attract surveillance from the state, suspected lead the notion of secession and rebellion. (145)

Douglas Mendel found that between 1949 and 1955, more than half of the 90000 political prisoners were executed. see Anonymous (1966) ' A Report on Formosan Political Prisoners', Formosan Readers Association Report, now; reprinted 1967 in The Progressive December, as 'Tyranny in Free Formosan' cited in Douglas Mended (1970) . The politics of Formosan Nationalism, Berkeley and Los Angeles CA: University of California press p.11.  however, in Democratizing Taiwan by J.Bruce Jacobs, Brill Leiden.Boston 2012. Professor show that the number of executed during the same period is about 3000-4000.

when Jiang's forces retreated to Taiwan in 1949, they kidnapped about 8000 students, in mainland China's Shangdong province, landed on Penghu where it was planned to make them advance guards to fight against communists executed the head teacher Zhang Minzi, and put a considerable number of students who supported their head teacher into bags and dropped them in the ocean off the coast of Penghu. (146) see Wang, Peiwu (2000)《十字架上的小张,张明自夫人回忆录》台北文经社。孙震差点被杀,因蒋经国指示才保住小命,后在李登辉总统时代,孙任国防部次长,孙离任后写道他‘读内部文件时哭了’。
 楼主| 发表于 1/6/2013 03:04:09 | 显示全部楼层
civic identity defined in terms of ethnic and linguistic identity is the source of the evil that creates violent conflict.(164) thus we cannot accept ethnicity and language or culture, as a principled basis on which to gain political power. if hemogeneity of ethnicity and language are taken to be integral elements of a nation, then a dangerous dynamic can arise . the group that demands self-determination might, ultimately forcefully expel, assimilate or kill groups which do not share the same links of ethnicity and language.  (164)

the ethnic composition in Tainan is 75% Fujian, 13% Hakka, 10% Main-lander, 2% Aborigine.(165)

the right of people to self-determination and the civic right to self-determination, is becoming closer and closer to self-government. in Europe absolute Sovereignty has become a thing of the past as sovereignty has been divided into factions. some functional decision-making has gone to super national organizations, some to regional level and some to each state government. (168)

there are two principles for interpreting the construction of a social organization. one is that society is based on families, the other is that society is based on a social contract of individuals. former base an birth, later on individualism. kinship nationalism easily mobiliese feelings of egoism and altruism.

nation neither race, language, nor culture form a nation,but rather a deeply felt sense of community and shared destiny. peng 26.
 楼主| 发表于 1/6/2013 03:33:25 | 显示全部楼层
the consensus amongst the majority of Japanese  is that Japan should prepare for the military defense its own territory but should limit its contribution to affair of outside its territory to non-military purpose. there is no possibility of Japan belong willing to defense Taiwan with arm force.  Taiwan has been forming an original culture by comprehending Chinese, Japanese and American Culture. (181)

'I am Taiwanese and need to democratise Taiwan' said Jiang Jinguo. His vision of democratization was clear.(199) He realised that if the KMT was to be presserved in the long term, changes were needed to link the party with Taiwan society. He wanted the Taiwanese to become more involved in public affairs and needed democratization to do this. He thought of Taiwan as being at the centre of politics. He decided to loosen the reins of power and lift restrictions, one by one. eventurally, martial law was lifted and opposition parties and Public Political meeting were formed. (199)

for a year after his death, I merely followed the course he had set and did not attempt anything new. Li Denhui said.

unless there is strong internal  and external pressure, democratization is difficult. Jiang Jinguo was shot in New York and there was the incident of Gao Xiong. (200) I was surprised that Chen Li-fu critisized Jiang Jinguo severely.

'unless you are a member of the KMT, you cannot become a public servant in the first place. in the army, the situation is worse. I had been a left-winger for ten years.' Li told interviewer.

US cross party policy towards Taiwan is four nos: no to independence; no to integration; no to war ( a peaceful solution) and no solution. (212)

the money politics culture in Taiwan has to be multiplied by a factor of 10 or 100 times in compromise to other developed states. Li Denhui found his way  to teh top in the way through money politics.  without Lee, it would have been extremely difficult to have had non-violent change in Taiwan. his biggest contribution to Taiwanese seciety was to bring it peacefully into the post KMT era. (214-15)

in the mid 1990s, as the president of ROC, Lee advocated unification and argued the independence is an illusion: in the late 1990s he changed his stance to 'the ROC exists in Taiwan'. in the 2000s he changed to 'the ROC does not exist. (217)
 楼主| 发表于 1/6/2013 03:57:02 | 显示全部楼层
因时间关系,我不再翻译,兹将该书中关健要点摘录供各位网友们参考,如果有人愿意译成中文,那应当更佳。
 楼主| 发表于 1/6/2013 16:13:47 | 显示全部楼层
蔣經國的歷史地位該有多高?
2010-12-22

编按:此网文结蒋经国先生的赞扬,有些与史实有些许出入,如蒋生前开放了党禁,报禁,1970年代两度推行自由化政策等,经国也犯过一些罪错,如利用国民党特务暗杀政敌,或批评当局的记者等。不过,总体上言,经国是值得每位当权者学习的好榜样。




1987
1225日,蔣經國坐輪椅參加行憲紀念日大會,此時他已不能說話,總統致辭國大秘書長何宜武宣讀。會場秩序一片混亂,台下的民進黨籍代表頭纏布條,高舉橫幅大聲抗議、喧嘩。


面龐浮腫的蔣經國離場前,默默地凝望著主席臺下鼓噪的人群,表情落寞茫然。這是蔣經國留給世人的最後一個鏡頭。19天后,蔣經國病逝。當天,臺灣全島鮮花銷售一空,成千上萬的臺灣人自發街頭列隊向蔣經國致哀。變革以巨大的慣性繼續向前。


1991
4月,臺灣國民大會臨時會召開,制訂憲法增修條文,廢止動員戡亂時期臨時條款

1992
5月,陰謀內亂罪言論內亂罪被廢止。

1994
年,臺灣省長直選,讓臺灣人民每人一票選舉省長

1996
年,臺灣舉行有史以來的第一次總統民選。


臺灣的民主改革,是蔣經國生前偉大的政治舉措,在改革之前,他不畏懼國民黨內的反對勢力,也不擔心放開黨禁報禁之後會導致天下大亂,乃至不擔心國民黨丟掉政權……若不是有偉人的心胸氣魄、誰敢冒此政治風險?



當國民黨內許多人向蔣經國提出質疑,國民黨大佬、國策顧問沈昌煥對蔣經國說:這樣做,國民黨將來可能失去政權的!蔣經國卻淡淡地回答:世上沒有永遠的執政黨!他的聲音不大,語氣輕微,但這一句話,如同萬鈞雷霆,振聾發聵。


有的政治家,生前大權在握、唯我獨尊,死後卻身敗名裂、家人不保;有的政治家,生前仿佛是締造歷史的偉人,死後其頭上的光環卻日漸暗淡;有的政治家,在臺上之時風光無限,其實只不過是歷史上的匆匆過客;而有的政治家,生前推動了歷史的進程,死後其歷史作用日益彰顯,是當之無愧的歷史偉人。蔣經國,應該就是這樣一個偉大人物。


按說,蔣經國是靠父親才一步一步走上權力頂峰,並非中國人傳統觀念中的創業之君。在二十世紀蔣家還搞世襲制,蔣經國能做個守成庸主就不錯了,離歷史偉人相距甚遠。


而在蔣經國離世十幾年之後,他卻成了海峽兩岸為大多數人所公認的歷史偉人。馬英九在蔣經國逝世十五周年的時候寫過一篇追思文章,文中說,“15年來,在誰對臺灣貢獻最大?’的民調中,蔣經國始終高居第一。臺灣《天下》雜誌的民調也顯示,蔣經國在去世十幾年後依然被民眾視為最美的政治人物之一。


蔣經國的一生,歷經風雨坎坷,在俄國14年,他做過苦工,從做粗工開始,做翻砂工,用鐵錘把鐵板錘平。蔣經國在俄國集體農場耕過田,蔣經國做過衛生管理員,專門負責掃廁所。史達林把他充軍到西伯利亞,在烏拉爾地方做礦工,工作強度大,但是卻吃不到足夠的麵包,如果工作沒有做好,還會挨皮鞭。蔣經國在俄國曾經身無分文,還討過飯。有一回,蔣經國發覺一家餐館後面的水溝裡,漂著一層油水,他餓得頭暈,想辦法把這水溝裡的油水刮起來,用一隻罐子裝好,再找東西來燒,就吃煮熱的油水填肚子。天下大雪,夜裡冷得出奇,蔣經國找到一個大垃圾桶,在桶子中間挖個洞,蹲縮在桶裡,度過寒夜漫漫。


1927
年間,他申請加入蘇聯紅軍,被派到駐紮莫斯科的第一師,當過兵,曾進入列寧格勒中央紅軍軍事政治研究院;也當過莫斯科電機工廠學徒工,在烏拉爾金礦場當礦工後,又當過烏拉爾重機械製造廠技師、助理廠長、《重工業日報》的主編。


30
多年後,當老蔣把國民黨的大權交給他後,他一身素色夾克外套、鴨舌便帽、舊長褲、布鞋的裝扮,與他在莫斯科中山大學信仰的託派思想,和他流放西伯利亞、當工人、當農夫的形象,似有前後輝映、異曲同工之妙。

做為一代偉人,蔣經國的偉大之處體現在以下幾個方面。

清廉。蔣經國的清廉,一是自身,二是家人,三是打擊貪腐,四是整飾政風。194481日他離開縣長任上(這是他的第一個正式職務)時說:我在縣長任內,未曾為我私人取用分文,動用粒粟,本人因私事而花之電信費用,皆應在本人薪餉下扣除,不得在公費項下開支;到臺灣後,他外出視察,餓了直接到小飯館買個盒飯就吃;帶家人看電影,跟一般人一樣排隊買票;一生從未置產,以至於沒有積蓄。

蔣經國不許家人包括夫人與孩子,從事任何經商活動;他的夫人從不干政,更不幫助任何人說情收取好處,其低調、樸素到令人同情的程度;蔣經國去世後,蔣夫人靠政府補發的20個月俸額為生,1992年俄羅斯一名官員以私人身份抵台訪問,問她要不要回去看看,她答說:我沒有錢,怎麼回去?1937年離開俄國後蔣方良再也沒有回到那片生養她的土地。

蔣經國任“行政院長”,第一次主持“行政院會”就通過公務員10項革新,制定《貪污治罪條例》,規範公務員的行為,被視為不近人情;情治首長周中峰、葉翔之等人均為蔣寵信,一次蔣出其不意到周、葉家中做客,發現居家擺設改變,門前車水馬龍,二話不說,旋即將周、葉二人調職,以肅官腐;嚴懲親表弟時任人事行政局局長的王正誼;不畏立、監委龐大的政治影響力,把十多位監委、立委移送法辦。

由於蔣經國的清廉與嚴懲貪官,他統治時期的臺灣政風全面刷新,他全面執掌政權後的整個執政團隊,“部長”以上官員沒人貪腐,堪比中國歷史上任何一個時期。清廉使蔣經國獲得了巨大的道德威望,也在統治集團內部具有了絕對的道義權威與一言九鼎的獨尊地位,當黨內部分大老害怕民主引發混亂時,他一錘定音解除“戒嚴”施行民主,因為他及他的家人不怕民主被人民清算,也不怕國民黨在民主後被人民清算。

為政。蔣經國為政是全心為民嘔心瀝血,為政方式是深入民眾從無官僚。在江西贛南,他推行新政,一身布衣下鄉,打擊煙、賭、娼成效顯著;在上海整頓金融敢於碰硬(抓了孔祥熙的兒子,被老子干預放了,無奈發表申明向百姓謝罪),最終與孔宋權貴結怨;到臺灣當政後一直重視物價,每天必看柴米油鹽糖及麵粉物價;李國鼎(財政部長)以一句“政府施政應圖利人民”打動蔣經國,一生不喜歡李但仍充分授權,使李為臺灣經濟作出傑出貢獻;有一年石油價格上漲,行政院長俞國華將石油價格上調兩元,蔣經國看電視報後道立即約見俞國華,指示俞僅能微調一元。雙方為此事發生爭執,俞以政府保本為由,力主不能調回。蔣說:“一個失去民心的政府還保什麼本!如果你不執行這項政策,回去好了!因為這不是錢的問題,而是人民對政府的信任”。

親民。在贛南,蔣經國經常短衣草履,上山下鄉,走村串戶,與百姓民眾任意交談;當時有人統計,蔣經國上任專員的第一年,在贛南11個縣轉了三圈,甚至能夠說出轄區內有多少橋樑和水利工程名稱;在贛南期間,平均每年下鄉200次;1950年代初,在臺灣帶領退伍士兵築路,渴了嘴對著水龍頭喝生水,餓了隨手抓個饅頭就吃,在架在絕壁的竹梯上爬上爬下;1978年到1981年,蔣經國下鄉197次,與民同樂155天;為考察一條建設中的公路進山21次;1980年永安礦難挨家挨戶慰問;到煤礦參觀,接受礦上保衛人員搜身;晚年因經常下鄉探訪民情,回臺北後告訴侍從人員“腿疾日趨嚴重,腳像針刺一樣”,侍從人員婉勸他減少下鄉行程,蔣說:“算了,待在辦公室還是一樣痛,
以後不要再講了!

蔣經國可以與任何人握手,永遠滿面笑容,永遠與民同樂,永遠低調、樸素,永遠吃穿隨意。國民黨能夠在民主化之後沒有被人民拋棄,就在於國民黨享有了蔣經國為民、親民累積的政治遺產,

胸懷1970424日,蔣經國訪問美國,遭康奈爾大學社會學博士生黃文雄刺殺未遂,事後蔣經國不僅未見任何惱怒,反而要求與刺客見面,並建議美國放了刺客;美麗島事件爆發後,警方秉持蔣經國的旨意高度克制,以至於衝突中警方183人受傷,其中傷勢較重者達47人,群眾僅有40多人受傷,對峙中還是警方先退場。事後,形成了國人皆曰可殺的輿論,蔣經國親自主導處理,無1人判死刑,僅施明德1人被判無期,其他均判14年以下有期徒刑;1986928日民進黨成立時,情治部門呈上名單抓人,蔣經國未批且平靜地說:使用權力容易,難就難在曉得什麼時候不去用它。”。

民主就是妥協,妥協需要胸懷,尤其需要手握大權的專制統治者具有妥協甚至容忍不同政見、政敵的廣闊胸懷,蔣經國顯示了這樣的胸懷。蔣經國的胸懷除了體現在與自己部屬存在政見分歧時能夠容忍與接納外,還體現在反對派的應對上。正是這胸懷給臺灣民主力量的穩步成長提供了寬鬆的政治氛圍,也使“戒嚴”解除時沒有出現政治能量的突然釋放導致的社會失控,民主變革的平靜、理性世所罕見。

政績。蔣經國實際主持臺灣工作近20年,在這20年裡,臺灣的經濟以難以想像的水準發展:國民生產總值年平均增長率,1952-1959年為6.9%1960-1969達到10%1971-1980年達到9.4%1981-1990年達到8.1%,從1951-198938年間國民生產總值增加了55倍;人平均所得,1951年到1970年的前20
136美元上升到364美元,但從1970年到蔣經國離世的1989年已達7518美元,從1951-198938年間人均收入增加了55倍;失業率長期在2%左右;更為令人稱道的是,在經濟如此快速發展過程中,臺灣的貧富差距沒有迅速擴大,蔣經國主政年代,臺灣社會始終未出現貧富分化的情形。在幾乎整個1970年代和1980年代的大部分時期,臺灣的基尼係數一直低於0.3,為世界人均收入分配差距最小的社會之一,更是經濟迅速發展階段貧富差距擴大控制在最小範疇的地區。

傳記作者漆高儒對蔣經國有一個很好的評價:蔣經國是一個勤勞的人,是一個親兵親民的人,他和百姓群眾很接近,他是一個認識時代的人。蔣經國惟其是一個勤勞簡樸的人,才可以締造臺灣經濟奇跡的成果;惟其是一個親兵親民的人,才有台人對他的感念與肯定;惟其和百姓群眾很接近,所以他的施政作為才能貼近民意;也惟其是一個認識時代的人,他解除黨禁、報禁,繼之又解除“戒嚴”,開放臺灣民眾赴大陸探親,實現了民主在臺灣的和平著陸。
 楼主| 发表于 1/6/2013 16:21:48 | 显示全部楼层
美麗島事件爆發後,警方秉持蔣經國的旨意高度克制,以至於衝突中警方183人受傷,其中傷勢較重者達47人,群眾僅有40多人受傷,對峙中還是警方先退場。事後,形成了國人皆曰可殺的輿論,蔣經國親自主導處理,無1人判死刑,僅施明德1人被判無期,其他均判14年以下有期徒刑;1986928日民進黨成立時,情治部門呈上名單抓人,蔣經國未批且平靜地說:使用權力容易,難就難在曉得什麼時候不去用它。”。

此段评述恐怕与事实不太相符,具体请参阅《台湾民主之路》
相关章节。
 楼主| 发表于 3/17/2013 18:52:47 | 显示全部楼层
陈泱潮 发表于 3/17/2013 17:20
我想,您應當知道,兩個星期前,臺灣人民剛剛紀念228事件。我也相信您也一定會知道臺灣228事件是一 ...


陈兄:吾以为:你将性质绝然不同的孙文蒋介石与毛泽东相提并论,是你一生中所犯的最大错误之一;论神学研究我远不如你,论中华民国史,共产党共产主义及孙蒋毛个人的历史地位与功罪,恐怕我比你更有资格下定论,因为我是根据众多没有利害关系国际权威专家学者位的研究成果综合评定。而你对孙文或蒋介石或国民党的不少论述,是建立在不可信的资料基础之上。特别值得一提的是:任何迄今仍将国民党与共产党相提并论,将毛泽东等同于蒋介石,不但糊里糊涂,而且是帮暴政的大忙。敬请三思。
此外,台湾问题研究,西方专家学者有远比中国人更客观公正的研究成果。他们对孙文和蒋介石的评价,我认为远比中国人自已客观公正。二二八事件对台湾本土人是一大灾难,是当时特定历史环境的产物。而且当时确有共产党参与其中。虽然国民党处理此事件有罪过,国民党当局事后惩处了事件直接当事人:陈义司令,1952年陈被枪决。但国民党历史上所犯罪过与共产党的罪孽根本不在同一层次。有关此问题记得在《台湾民主化》文中已有相关论述。我们没有为国民党或蒋介石的独裁辩护,而是强调必须区分两种性质不同的政权。国民党政权始终奉行孙文之三民主义五权宪法,性质属共和民主政体;共产党始终坚持反动透顶的‘无产阶级专政“岂可将两者相提并论?!


二二八事件真相

中国对台湾的主权于1943年11月开罗宣言确认,并于1945年7月26日之波士坦宣言中重申。中国政府随即任命陈义将军任首任台湾省军政首脑,于1945年10月24日抵台。次日举行的庆典上陈宣称:自今日起,台湾重新是中国领土组成部分,所有的土地和人民均在中华民国政府主权之下。(64)但1947年1月10日陈义宣称:同日生效的中华民国宪法不适用于台湾省,因台湾长期受日本殖民统治,台湾人民政治觉悟差,且缺乏智力,因此需要由国民党训政使之成为合格公民。(68)此污辱性宣言激怒了台湾人,并要求实行宪政,实行地方直选。日本殖民统治台湾时期,日本明治宪法也不适用于台湾。倍受歧视与污辱的台湾人民终于忍无可忍,爆发了反抗国民党歧视政策的二二八事件。

在台中,由共产党员谢雪红领导的武装暴动,国民党当局从大陆派军队镇压,3月8日,国军登陆台湾,结果全台湾至少一万名以上的台湾人(另有说约三万人)在镇压中丧生包括律师,检察官,商人,记者,教师及学生。(71)国民党利用共产党介入二二八事件为镇压提供正当理由。然而国共双方均跨大了共产党在该事件中的作用。谢雪红是台中地区军队司令,国民党当局趁机杀害了处理善后委员会台湾领导人。王添灯被烧死,林连宗被绑架暗杀,徐春卿被公开处决。该事件大屠杀及随后的白色恐怖导致台湾人仇恨大陆汉人,也是台独的来由。陈义将军随即被国民政府弹劾,由魏道明继任台湾省主席。台湾人民付出了血的代价后迫使国民党政府撤销宪法不适用于台湾的声明。只要宪法适用于台湾,台湾就有希望。

二二八事件发生时,只有几十名台共分子属于中共,当蔡孝乾试图在台湾建立中共支部组织时,国民党视所有曾与蔡接触者为共产党,并于白色恐怖期间逮捕或处决之。国民党视所有公民活动分子为共产党,并毫无顾虑地杀害了所有涉嫌者。(216)而中共则盛赞所有遇害者为受害的共产党人,因此在某种意义上,赋予了白色恐怖合法性。——郭国汀译自《台湾民主化》







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