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法律与道德

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发表于 2/26/2014 23:08:39 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
法律有成文与不成文之分,法律是由习惯发展而来;道德与法律的共性表现在同属人类行为规范,其区别在于道德源于由宗教和信仰,法律源于理性,并由立法者按 照法定程序严格制定;道德和法律均与理性有关但不等于理性;理性是人类运用抽象和形象思维力判断是非善恶的心理精神活动,并无严格的标准,但道德和法律均 有公认的严格的标准;道德由人的内心自我约束,并由社会公共舆论制约,但没有国家强制力制裁违反道德者;法律由国家暴力机器公检法司监狱警察强制制裁违法 者;违反法律必定也违反道德,但违反道德不一定违反法律;道德是历史的概念,随着时代变迁会有较大的发展变化,法律精神则有相对稳定恒久性;因为法律的根据是自然法原则,而自然法实质即自然规律,亦即自然宇宙真理,真理是永恒不变的,故法律精神是永恒不变的。
2011年1月9日

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 楼主| 发表于 3/17/2015 19:12:58 | 显示全部楼层
Reality politics and moral politics is quite different in nature. In essence, all politics, either western or eastern, ancient or modern, capitalism or communism, are power-politics.


We all prefer moral-politics for politics without morality basis will be die sooner or later, politics with sound basis of morality always last very long period of time, unless the morality decase losing and rotten. Thus, we can safely say that morality is the key factor of any law and politics.
 楼主| 发表于 3/17/2015 19:23:38 | 显示全部楼层
In the Past century, the first nation never stop to claim their self-determination rights, after former USA president Wilson's famous four freedom and each nation should have the right of self-determination. If we review all human history with a object view, we have to recognize that all state are create by violence rather than bey moral power. Power and strength are fundamental force to defeat enemy, conque territory, seize other's nation's land, even robber everything they like.


Where is the morality come from? is it born from our heart or fill into our soul by faith that there is a top God or super spirit who decide what is wrong and what is right? Why all religions have many act rules which tell you do something and not to other action? Since moral responsibility only can fulfil by each member of society themselves, and when someone broken any such rule, it is punished by one's soul and heart, or publich media and opinion rather by any law stipulated by government. Thus, morality, despite very important, rely on religion rather than government. Any government destroy religions means destroy morality, and must be the evilest government.
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